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Titian – Virtual Tour

Titian

Titian – Virtual Tour

Titian (1490 – 1576) was the most famous painter of the 16th-century Venetian school.

So much so that his contemporaries recognized him as one of the most accomplished painters, adept with portraits, landscape, and mythological and religious subjects.

His application and use of color, his vivid, luminous tints, his brushwork, and subtlety of tone had a profound influence on Western art.

A Virtual Tour of Titian

Highlights Tour of Titian

Bacchus and Ariadne

“Bacchus and Ariadne” by Titian depict Bacchus, the god of wine, emerging with his followers from the right of the scene and according to myth, falling in love at first sight with Ariadne.

Titian shows Bacchus leaping from his chariot to protect Ariadne. She had been abandoned on a Greek island and deserted by her lover Theseus, whose ship sails away to the far left of the picture.

The first commission for this painting was given to Raphael, who unfortunately died young in 1520, and Titian was given the opportunity to paint this mythological subject during 1522 for a wealthy patron. Museum: National Gallery, London

The Rape of Europa

The “Rape of Europa” by Titian is a mythological painting of the story of the abduction of Europa by Zeus, painted about 1560 – 62.

In Greek mythology, Europa was the mother of King Minos of Crete, a woman with Phoenician origins, after whom the continent of Europe was named.

The painting depicts the story of her abduction by Zeus, who is in the form of a white bull.

This myth was originally a Cretan story, and many of the love-stories concerning Zeus originated from even more ancient myths describing his marriages with goddesses. Museum: Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, Boston

Perseus and Andromeda

“Perseus and Andromeda” by Titian dramatically depict the Greek mythological story of Andromeda.

Perseus is portrayed as attacking the sea monster, who turns to attack the hero, while Andromeda’s white body is contrasted against the dark undercliff and portrayed as pure innocence. Museum:  Wallace Collection

Diana and Actaeon

“Diana and Actaeon” by Titian depicts the moment of surprise when the young hunter named Actaeon, unwittingly stumbles on the naked goddess Diana.

She was enjoying a bath by a spring with help from her escort of nymphs. The nymphs scream in surprise and attempt to cover Diana, who, in a fit of fury, splashes water upon Actaeon.

As a mortal man, he is transformed into a deer with antlers and promptly flees in fear. Museum: The National Gallery, London

The Death of Actaeon

“The Death of Actaeon” by Titian depicts the last stage of the mythological story in which the young hunter named Actaeon.

He had unwittingly stumbled on the naked goddess Diana who is enjoying a bath in the spring. Diana is surprised to be caught during her bath in an exposed naked state by Actaeon.

In response, she splashes water on Actaeon, who as a mortal is transformed into a deer with antlers and flees in fear.

This painting recounts the unfortunate fate of Actaeon, who after fleeing, is tracked down by his hounds and killed because they failed to recognize their master. Museum: The National Gallery, London

Venus and Adonis

“Venus and Adonis” is a composition that has been painted many times by Titian, his studio assistants, and others.

There are some thirty versions that may date from the 16th century. It is uncertain which of the surviving versions is the original version, and there is also debate about Titian’s involvement in the many surviving versions.

Below are featured versions from the following Art Museums: Museo del Prado,  National Gallery, London,   National Gallery, Washington DC,   Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY,   Getty Museum

Diana and Callisto

“Diana and Callisto” by Titian depicts the moment Diana forces Callisto to strip and bathe and discovers her pregnancy.

Callisto was the favorite of Diana, the virgin goddess of the hunt, but Jupiter, king of the gods, noticed her beauty and disguised himself as a woman to seduce her. 

Diana banished Callisto, but Callisto was then discovered by Hera, Zeus’s wife, and transformed her into a bear Titian painted Diana and Callisto for his patron, King Philip II of Spain, between 1556 and 1559.

It is one of several pictures, including “Diana and Actaeon” based on the Roman poet Ovid’s Metamorphoses, designed to be displayed together.

The stream runs from one painting to the other, and elements and poses are echoed, creating a rhythm across both canvases.

The gestures and postures of Diana and her nymphs complement those in the composition of “Diana and Actaeon.”

The drama is heightened by Titian’s abilities to create dynamism and movement. Museums:  National Gallery, London and National Gallery of Scotland

Saint John the Baptist

“Saint John the Baptist” by Titian was painted for the now-demolished church of Santa Maria Maggiore. The overpowering but theatrical pose of a muscular athlete is in contrast to the tradition of a hermit emaciated by exhausting fast.

Titian’s passion for color dominates the academic quality of this composition. During his long life, Titian’s artistic manner changed drastically, but he retained a lifelong interest in color. 

The artists, Tiziano Vecelli, known in English as Titian was a painter during the Renaissance. He is considered the most important member of the 16th-century Venetian school. Museum: Gallerie dell’Accademia

Allegory of Time Governed by Prudence

“Allegory of Time Governed by Prudence” by Titian portrays three human heads, each facing in a different direction, above three animal heads.

The animal heads are from left to right, a wolf, a lion, and a dog. The painting has been interpreted as operating on several levels. 

The painting depicts the different ages of the three human heads, which represent the three ages of man. The ages are, from left to right, old age, maturity, and youth.

The different directions in which they are facing reflect a broader concept of time itself as having a past, present, and future. Museum: National Gallery, London

Titian

Titian: A collection of 255 paintings

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Titian (1488–1576) A master of color. A collection of paintings

Quotes by Titian

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“A good painter needs only three colors: black, white, and red.”

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“The painter must always seek the essence of things, always represent the essential characteristics and emotions of the person he is painting.”

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“He who improvises can never make a perfect line of poetry.”

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“Painting done under pressure by artists without the necessary talent can only give rise to formlessness, as painting is a profession that requires peace of mind.”

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“From the example of the past, the man of the present acts prudently so as not to imperil the future.”

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“Those who are compelled to paint by force, without being in the necessary mood, can produce only ungainly works because this profession requires an unruffled temper.”

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“Art is stronger than Nature.”

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“It is not bright colors but good drawing that makes figures beautiful.”

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“The painter must always seek the essence of things, always represent the essential characteristics and emotions of the person he is painting.”

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“I think I am beginning to learn something about painting.”

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Sister Wendy in Venice: Bellini, Titian and Giorgione

The Power of Art – Tizian

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“It is not bright colors but good drawing that makes figures beautiful.”
– Titian

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Photo Credit: 1) Titian [Public domain]

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