fbpx
Advertisements

Joy of Museums

Museums, Art Galleries and Historical Sites

Best History Paintings in Art Galleries

History Paintings and History Quotes

The World’s Best Historical Art

History Paintings are defined by their subject matter and usually depict a moment in a narrative story. Before the 19th century, the most common subjects for history paintings included religious, mythological, and allegorical themes, representing the broadest view of history painting. From the 19th-century, the term has been used in a narrower sense, to refer to the depiction of a “narrative” from secular history.

A Tour of History Paintings

History paintings almost always contain some figures and usually showing action or drama that is central to a narrative. History paintings were traditionally regarded as the highest form of Western art, occupying the most prestigious place in the hierarchy of genres. Historic Paintings were considered equal to the epics in literature because it was a visual form of history, with the potential to stir emotions in the audience.

Scenes from ancient history were popular in the early Renaissance, and again in the Baroque and Rococo periods, and peaked with the rise of Neoclassicism. In the 20th century, the term referred specifically to paintings of scenes from secular history, rather than those from religious narratives, literature, or mythology.

This list of History Paintings is derived from the paintings that are the most searched for on this website. Religious narratives, literature, or mythology paintings are listed separately below.

A Tour of Art

History Paintings

  • “Washington Crossing the Delaware” by Emanuel Leutze
    • “Washington Crossing the Delaware” by Emanuel Leutze commemorates General George Washington’s crossing of the Delaware River with the Continental Army on the night of Christmas 1776, during the American Revolutionary War. The composition shows General Washington highlighted by the white clouds in the background, as his face is lit by the upcoming Sun. The distant boats and dramatic sky all provide heroic depth to the painting.
  • “The Family of Darius before Alexander” by Paolo Veronese
    • “The Family of Darius before Alexander” by Paolo Veronese depicts Alexander the Great with the family of the Persian king he had defeated in battle. Other artists had rarely depicted the story in this painting before Veronese. The story is centered on the events in 333 BC when Alexander defeated King Darius III’s army. Darius panicked and abandoned his army and family to narrowly escaped capture. Alexander’s forces quickly captured his wife, mother, and his daughters, who were left behind by Darius.
  • “Las Meninas” or “The Ladies-in-Waiting” by Diego Velázquez
    • “Las Meninas” or “The Ladies-in-Waiting” by Diego Velázquez is a complex and mysterious composition which, when studied, creates an ambiguous relationship between the audience and the various subjects in this painting. The complex arrangement of Las Meninas has made this painting one of the most analyzed masterpieces in Western art.
  • “The Third of May 1808” by Francisco Goya
    • “The Third of May 1808” by Francisco Goya depicts the early hours of the morning after the uprising in May 1808 by the people of Madrid against the occupation of the city by French troops. Goya portrays the French as a rigidly firing squad, and the citizens are represented as a disorganized group of captives held at gunpoint. Executioners and victims face each other in a confined space. The Spanish uprising had provoked harsh repression by the French forces.
  • “The Fighting Temeraire” by Joseph Mallord William Turner
    • The Fighting Temeraire is an oil painting by the English artist Joseph Mallord William Turner. The painting depicts the HMS Temeraire, a battle-aged and decommissioned gunship being towed by a paddle-wheel steam tug to her last berth in 1838 to be broken up for scrap. This painting was an immediate success for Turner, with the critics and the public, but he never sold it. Turner refused offers to sell the painting, having determined to leave it to the nation. He called this work his “darling.”
  • “Westward the Course of Empire Takes Its Way” by Emanuel Leutze
    • “Westward the Course of Empire Takes Its Way” by Emanuel Leutze is a painted study of a massive painted mural currently displayed behind the western staircase of the House of Representatives chamber in the United States Capitol Building.  The picture depicts a group of pioneers on their journey westward as they catch their first glimpse of the “promised land” of California.
  • “The Capture of the Hessians at Trenton, December 26, 1776” by John Trumbull
    • “The Capture of the Hessians at Trenton, December 26, 1776” by John Trumbull depicts the capture of the Hessian soldiers at the Battle of Trenton on the morning of December 26, 1776, during the American Revolutionary War. At the center is General George Washington aiding the mortally wounded Hessian Colonel. Trumbull’s intended was to show the compassion of General George Washington in this painting.
  • “The March to Valley Forge” by William B. T. Trego
    • “The March to Valley Forge” by William B. T. Trego depicts George Washington and the veterans of his army limping into their winter encampment in Valley Forge. Valley Forge was the military camp 18 miles (29 km) northwest of Philadelphia, where the American Continental Army spent the winter of 1777–78.
  • “The Massacre at Chios” by Eugène Delacroix
    • “The Massacre at Chios” by Eugène Delacroix is a massive painting showing the horror and destruction visited on the Island of Chios. A display of suffering, military might, ornate costumes, terror, and death in a scene of widespread desolation. There is no heroic figure to counterbalance the massacre and the hopelessness of the victims, and there is no suggestion of hope among the ruin and despair.
  • “The Execution of Lady Jane Grey” by Paul Delaroche
    • “The Execution of Lady Jane Grey” by Paul Delaroche portrays the moments preceding the death of Lady Jane Grey, who was proclaimed Queen of England in 1553, only to be deposed nine days later and to be executed. Jane is sometimes called the “Nine Days’ Queen” due to the brevity of her reign.
  • “Cromwell in Battle of Naseby” by Charles Landseer
    • “Cromwell in Battle of Naseby” by Charles Landseer depicts Cromwell reading a letter from the King’s private papers that were found in Charles’s Cabinet, after the Battle of Naseby. In this decisive battle, King Charles I lost the bulk of his veteran infantry and officers, all of his artillery and stores, his baggage, and many arms. Captured in the baggage train were the King’s private papers, revealing to the fullest extent his attempts to draw Catholics and foreign mercenaries into the war.

Quotes About History

Quotes about History by famous people express their truth based on their experience and feelings. Quotes about History are famous because most people can relate to them in some way and on some level.

~~~

“Our greatest glory is not in never falling, but in rising every time, we fall.”
– Confucius

~~~

“Those who don’t know history are destined to repeat it.”
– Edmund Burke

~~~

“Study history, study history. In history lies all the secrets of statecraft.”
– Winston Churchill

~~~

“History is the version of past events that people have decided to agree upon.”
– Napoleon Bonaparte

~~~

“History is a cyclic poem written by time upon the memories of man.”
– Percy Bysshe Shelley

~~~

“History doesn’t repeat itself, but it does rhyme.”
– Mark Twain

~~~

“Not to know what has been transacted in former times is to be always a child. If no use is made of the labors of past ages, the world must always remain in the infancy of knowledge.”
– Marcus Tulius Cicero

~~~

“History is not a burden on the memory but an illumination of the soul.”
– Lord Acton

~~~

“History repeats itself, first as tragedy, second as farce.”
– Karl Marx

~~~

“Anybody can make history. Only a great man can write it.”
– Oscar Wilde

~~~

“God cannot alter the past, but historians can.”
– Samuel Butler

~~~

“A page of history is worth a pound of logic.”
– Oliver Wendell Holmes

~~~

“History will be kind to me for I intend to write it.”
– Winston Churchill

~~~

“Human history becomes more and more a race between education and catastrophe.”
– H. G. Wells

~~~

“We spend a great deal of time studying history, which, let’s face it, is mostly the history of stupidity.”
– Stephen Hawking

~~~

“We learn from history that we learn nothing from history.”
– George Bernard Shaw

~~~

“We can learn from history, but we can also deceive ourselves when we selectively take evidence from the past to justify what we have already made up our minds to do.”
– Margaret MacMillan

~~~

Explore Quotes

Most 20th century paintings have copyright restrictions, limiting our ability to feature many modern artists. Approval to use images of works that are still under copyright has been requested, and we hope to receive appropriate permissions to feature more modern art.

~~~

“We hunger to understand, so we invent myths about how we imagine the world is constructed – and they are, of course, based upon what we know.”  
– Carl Sagan

~~~


Photo Credit: By Giovan Battista Gaulli – Beauvais, Musée départemental de l’Oise ([1] – Olio su tela, cm. 149 x 222) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Advertisements