Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is the most populous landlocked country in the world. Ethiopia lands have been well inhabited for millions of years, and some of the oldest skeletal evidence for anatomically modern humans has been found in Ethiopia. Tracing its roots to the 2nd millennium BC, Ethiopia’s governmental system was a monarchy for most of its history. During the late 19th-century Scramble for Africa, Ethiopia was one of the few nations to retain its sovereignty from long-term colonialism by a European colonial power.
Ethiopia uses the ancient Ge’ez script, which is one of the oldest alphabets still in use in the world. A majority of the population adheres to Christianity whereas around a third follows Islam. Ethiopia is a multilingual nation with around 80 ethnolinguistic groups, the four most significant of which are the Oromo, Amhara, Somali and Tigrayans.
Ethiopia is the place of origin of the coffee bean, which was first cultivated at Kefa, and with its long and diverse history and culture, Ethiopia has many fascinating museums and historic sites of interest.
- Country: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
- Amharic: የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዴሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ
- Capital: Addis Ababa
- Formation: Dʿmt – c. 980 BC
- Population: 102 million
Explore the National Museum of Ethiopia
“He who knows much does not speak much.”
– Ethiopian Proverb
Photo Credits: 1) By Giustino (Flickr) [CC BY 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons