Canada is located in the northern part of North America. Its provinces and territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, making it the world’s second-largest country by total area. Canada’s southern border with the United States is the world’s longest bi-national land border.
Indigenous peoples have inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years prior to European colonisation. The British and French competed in establishing colonies, the first being the colony of Canada established by France in 1535. Following numerous armed conflicts in North America and European political competition, the British ended up controlling most of what comprises Canada today. In 1931, Canada achieved near-total independence from the United Kingdom.
Canada is highly urbanized with 82 percent of the population concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, many near the southern border. Its capital is Ottawa, and its largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver.
Below is a list of the key museums that will be featured on Joy of Museums, listed by major cities.
Essential Facts about Canada:
- Country: Canada
- Capital: Ottawa
- Largest city: Toronto
- Languages: English & French
- Population: 35 million
- Independence from the United Kingdom:
- Confederation – 1867
- Statute of Westminster – 1931
- Canadian Citizenship Act – 1947
- Patriation – 1982
“Patience is a tree whose root is bitter, but its fruit is very sweet.”
Photo Credit: Benson Kua [CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons