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“The Toll Gate” by Cornelius Krieghoff

'The Toll Gate', oil on canvas painting by Cornelius Krieghoff, 1861, National Gallery of Canada

“The Toll Gate” by Cornelius Krieghoff portrays a Canadia winter landscape of the mid-1850s. Krieghoff was skilful in painting the splendours of the Canadian landscapes as well as capturing the hardship of life for the people living at the edge of Canada’s new frontiers.

Krieghoff painted in a number of variants of the scene in this painting, where frontier people would “Running the Toll”. At the back of the sledge is a passenger thumbing his nose at the toll collector.

Cornelius Krieghoff was a Dutch-Canadian painter famous for his paintings of Canadian landscapes and Canadian life outdoors, which were popular in his own time as they are today. He is particularly famous for his winter scenes.


Essential Facts:

  • Title:                        The Toll Gate
  • Français:                 La barrière de péage
  • Artist:                      Cornelius Krieghoff
  • Year:                        1861
  • Medium:                 Oil on canvas
  • Dimensions            33.4 x 46 cm
  • Museum:                National Gallery of Canada

Artist Essential Facts:

  • Name:                  Cornelius David Krieghoff
  • Born:                    1815 – Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • Died:                     1872 (aged 56) – Chicago, Illinois
  • Nationality:         Dutch Canadian
  • Notable works:


“Through other people’s faults, wise men correct their own.” Canadian Proverb



Photo Credit: Cornelius Krieghoff [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons