Angkor Wat is a temple complex in Cambodia and the largest religious monument in the world. It was initially constructed as a Hindu temple for the Khmer Empire, gradually transforming into a Buddhist temple. Angkor Wat was built by the Khmer King in the early 12th century at the then capital of the Khmer Empire, as his state temple and eventual mausoleum. Breaking from tradition of previous kings, Angkor Wat was instead dedicated to Vishnu. It has become a symbol of Cambodia, appearing on its national flag, and it is the country’s leading attraction for visitors.
Angkor Wat combines two essential plans of Khmer temple architecture: the temple mountain and the later galleried temple. It is designed to represent Mount Meru, home of the devas in Hindu mythology: within a moat and an outer wall, long are three rectangular galleries, each raised above the next. At the centre of the temple stands a quincunx of towers. The temple is admired for the grandeur and harmony of the architecture, its extensive bas-reliefs, and for the numerous devatas adorning its walls.
Highlights of Angkor Wat
- Angkor Wat’s Architecture Plan
- Angkor Wat Architecture Style
- Angkor Wat Outer Enclosure
- Angkor Wat Central Structure
- Historic Site: Angkor Wat
- City: Siem Reap
- Country: Kingdom of Thailand
- Location: Angkor
- Site measuring 162.6 hectares (1,626,000 m2; 402 acres).
- Built: 12th century
“If you are patient in a moment of anger, you will spare yourself one hundred days of tears.”
– Cambodian Proverb
Photo Credits: 1) By Javier Gil (Own work) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html), CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) or CC BY-SA 2.5-2.0-1.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5-2.0-1.0)], via Wikimedia Commons