Joy of Museums

Museums, Art Galleries and Historical Sites

Dancing Girl (Mohenjo-daro)

Dancing Girl, Mohenjo-daro

Dancing Girl, Mohenjo-daro

The Dancing Girl is a bronze statuette created over 4,500 years ago and is a rare and unique masterpiece. It was found in the ancient Mohenjo-daro site in 1926. This statue is a cultural artefact reflecting the aesthetics of a female body as conceptualised during that historical period. The bronze girl was made using the lost-wax casting technique and shows the expertise of the people in making bronze works during that time.

The statuette was named “Dancing Girl” with an assumption of her profession and is one of two bronze artworks found at Mohenjo-daro that shows a more natural pose than compared to other more formal figures. The statuette has large eyes, flat nose, healthy cheeks, curly hair and a broad forehead. A tall figure with long legs and arms, high neck, subdued belly and sensuously modelled. The girl wears some bangles and a necklace. She has 25 bracelets on her left arm and four bangles on her right arm and is holding an object in her left hand. Her long hair styled as big bun rested on her shoulder.

Many archaeologists agree that the Dancing Girl is:

“the most captivating piece of art from an Indus site.”

The statue led to two important discoveries about “The Indus Valley Civilisation” also known as the “Harappan Civilisation”. Firstly that they knew metal blending, casting and other sophisticated metallic methods. Secondly, that entertainment, especially dance was an essential part of their culture.

Dancing Girl Mohenjo-daro

Excavated ruins of Mohenjo-daro, with the Great Bath in the foreground and the Buddhist Stupa in the background

Explore National Museum, New Delhi

Dancing Girl (bronze), Mohenjo-daro

  • Title:                      Dancing Girl (bronze), Mohenjo-daro
  • Year:                      c. 2500 BC
  • Place of Origin:     Mohenjo-daro
  • Material:               Bronze
  • Dimensions:         10.5 cm × 5 cm (4 1/8 in × 2 in )
  • Museum:              National Museum, New Delhi


“Great minds discuss ideas, medium minds discuss events,
and little minds discuss people.”

– Hindu Proverb


Photo Credit: 1 ) Gary Todd [CC0]  2)   By Saqib Qayyum (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons