Indonesia is a transcontinental country located mainly in Southeast Asia and situated between the Indian and Pacific oceans. it is the world’s largest island country, with more than thirteen thousand islands. Indonesia the world’s 4th largest population as well as being the largest Muslim-majority country.
The Indonesian archipelago has been an important region for trade with Chinese dynasties and Indian kingdoms. Local rulers absorbed foreign cultural, religious and political models with a number of Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms flourishing in its early history. Muslim traders and scholars brought the now-dominant Islam, while European powers brought Christianity and fought to monopolise trade in the Spice Islands. Following three and a half centuries of Dutch colonialism, at times interrupted by Portuguese, French and British rule, Indonesia secured its independence after World War II.
Indonesia consists of hundreds of distinct native ethnic and linguistic groups, with the largest ethnic group being the Javanese. A shared identity has developed, defined by a national language and with this diverse history and culture, Indonesia has many museums and historic sites of interest.
- Country: Republic of Indonesia
- Indonesian: Republik Indonesia
- Capital: Jakarta
- Population: 261 million
“Still water runs deep.”
– Indonesian Proverb