The Joy of Museums

Finding Beauty & Meaning in Museums

Third Charter of Justice

National Gallery Singapore - Joy of Museums - Third Charter of Justice

The Third Charter of Justice affirmed the English law in Singapore. By the 1830’s, Singapore’s trade and population were booming and increasingly powerful voices demanded the appointment of a separate professional judge for Singapore. This led to the Third Charter of Justice being granted.

The Third Charter revoked the Second Charter of Justice and created the office of the second Recorder. It was ratified and confirmed by an Act of the British Parliament. The Straits Settlements were to have two Recorders, one for Penang and the other for Singapore and Malaya. Sir Richard Bolton McCausland was appointed Recorder for Singapore. The Governor and Resident Councillors continued to be vested with judicial powers.

Among the many historical and cultural objects in the National Gallery Singapore the following are highlights:

Essential Facts:

  • Title:                   Third Charter of Justice
  • Date:                   1855
  • Museum:           National Gallery Singapore


“A given excuse that was not asked for, implies guilt.” Singaporean / Malay Proverb



Photo Credit: By GordonMakryllos (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons