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Ram Khamhaeng Inscription

Bangkok National Museum - 2017-06-11 (106)

Ram Khamhaeng Inscription

The Ram Khamhaeng Inscription, also known as Sukhothai Inscription No. 1, is a stone stele bearing inscriptions which have been regarded as the earliest example of the Thai script. Discovered in 1833 it was eventually deciphered and dated to 1292. The text provides a description of the Sukhothai Kingdom during the time of King Ram Khamhaeng, to whom it is attributed. The inscription had immense influence over the development of Thai historiography.

The stele is in the shape of a four-sided pillar, mostly square with a rounded pyramidal top. The upper section which bears the inscriptions is polished, and the lower part, which fitted into a base, remains rough. During the 1980s, assertions were made that the stele was a forgery from a later date, this controversy led to intense scholarly debate, which has not been settled, though the inscription is widely regarded as the most important document in Thai history.

Ram Khamhaeng Inscription

  • Title:                  Ram Khamhaeng Inscription
  • Alternative:      Sukhothai Inscription No. 1
  • Discovered:      1833
  • Dated created: 1292, but under disputed
  • Material:            Siltstone
  • Inscribed:         UNESCO’s Memory of the World Register in 2003.
  • Dimensions:     W: 35.50 cm (13.98 in) H: 114.50 cm (45.08 in)
  • Museum:          National Museum, Bangkok

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“Peace comes from within. Do not seek it without.” Buddha

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Photo Credit: 1) By Iudexvivorum (Own work) [CC0], via Wikimedia Commons