“Circe Invidiosa” by John William Waterhouse
“Circe Invidiosa” which in Latin means “Jealous Circe” by John William Waterhouse portrays Circe, poisoning the water to turn Scylla, her rival into “a hideous monster”. Circe is a goddess of magic, or sometimes an enchantress from Greek mythology and Scylla was a beautiful nymph who gets turned into the monster.
In Latin, invidia is the sense of envy, a “looking upon” associated with the evil eye. Invidia or envy is one of the Seven Deadly Sins in Christian belief. Invidia is also the Roman name for the ancient Greek goddess, Nemesis. In this painting Waterhouse has expertly invested his main subject with an aura of menace, with deep greens and blues and the echo of straight vertical lines emphasising the inevitability of her intent.
This painting by Waterhouse is his second depiction of Circe, following his painting “Circe Offering the Cup to Ulysses” in which the sorceress Circe offers Odysseus (called Ulysses by the Romans) a cup containing a potion with which she seeks to bring him under her spell. Waterhouse again returned to the subject of Circe a third time with his painting of “The Sorceress”.
Waterhouse worked in the Pre-Raphaelite style, several decades after the breakup of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, which included artists such as Dante Gabriel Rossetti, John Everett Millais and William Holman Hunt. Waterhouse embraced the Pre-Raphaelite style despite the fact that it had gone out of fashion in the British art scene.
Exploring Pre-Raphaelite Art
- By John Everett Millais
- By John William Waterhouse
- Title: Circe Invidiosa
- English: Jealous Circe
- Artist: John William Waterhouse
- Medium: Oil on canvas
- Date: 1892
- Style: Pre-Raphaelite
- Dimensions: 180.7 × 87.4 cm (71.1 × 34.4 in)
- Museum: Art Gallery of South Australia
John William Waterhouse
- Name: John William Waterhouse
- Movement: Pre-Raphaelite
- Born: 1849 – Rome, Papal States
- Died: 1917 (aged 67) – London, England, United Kingdom
- Nationality: British
- Notable works:
“Great events make me quiet and calm;
it is only trifles that irritate my nerves.”
– Queen Victoria
Photo Credit: John William Waterhouse [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons