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Joy of Museums

Museums, Art Galleries and Historical Sites

Australia II – Secret Design

Australia II

Australia II – The Secret Winged Keel

Australia II (KA 6) is a 12-meter-class America’s Cup challenge racing yacht that won the 1983 America’s Cup for the Royal Perth Yacht Club. She was the first successful Cup challenger, ending a 132-year tenure with 26 successful defenses by the New York Yacht Club.

Australia II was designed by Ben Lexcen. Featuring a reduced waterline length and a short chord winged keel which gave the boat a significant advantage in maneuverability and lower ballast center of gravity. The winged keel was a considerable design advance, and the New York Yacht Club questioned its legality. During the summer of 1983, as selection trials took place for the Cup defense that autumn, the New York Yacht Club challenged the lawfulness of the keel design. The controversy was decided in Australia II’s favor.

Australia II sported several other innovative features that contributed to her success. Including radical vertical sail designs, all kevlar running rigging and a lightweight carbon fiber boom.

WA Maritime Museum - Joy of Museums - Australia II 2

The winged keel was a significant design advance, and the New York Yacht Club challenged the legality of the keel design

The rules of America’s Cup state that the yacht is to be designed by citizens of the nation it represents. Controversy arose due to cup rules allowing designers to use model basins for testing that are not located in a challenging country. This led to suggestions that Australians did not design the vessel. It was eventually established that Lexcen had experimented with wing adaptations to the under-surface appendages of boats before, including his 1958 skiffs Taipan and Venom. In 1983 Lexcen commented on the controversy:

“I have in mind to admit it all to the New York Yacht Club that I really owe the secret of the design to a Greek guy who helped me out and was invaluable. He’s been dead for 2,000 years. Bloody Archimedes…”

Australia II (KA 6)

  • Name:                 Australia II (KA 6)
  • Yacht club:         Royal Perth Yacht Club
  • Nation:                Australia
  • Class:                   12-metre
  • Sail no:                KA–6
  • Designer:            Ben Lexcen
  • Builder:              Steve Ward
  • Launched:          1982
  • Skipper:              John Bertrand
  • Victories:            1983 Louis Vuitton Cup; 1983 America’s Cup
  • Displacement:   21.8 tons
  • Length:               13.10 metres (43.0 ft) (LWL)
  • Beam:                  3.64 meters (11.9 ft)
  • Draft:                   2.72 meters (8 ft 11 in)
  • Sail area:            175 square metres (1,880 sq ft)
  • Museum:            WA Maritime Museum

Highlights of the WA Maritime Museum

A Tour of Maritime Museums

A Tour of Museum Ships

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“We are like islands in the sea, separate on the surface but connected in the deep.”
– William James

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Photo Credit: GM

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