This is a full-size and fully fitted replica of an original American Whaleboat known as a ‘Beetle’. Whaleboats were designed to be strong and manoeuvrable enough to chase whales in the roughest of seas. They were launched from larger whaling vessels and the crew pursued, killed and then towed whales back to the ship for processing. This whaleboat is called a ‘Beetle’ after James Beetle the American designer who built over 1,000 whaleboats between 1834 and 1854 in New Bedford, United States.
Whaleboats carried about 400 kilograms of equipment. The careful stowage of equipment was important for the effective operation of the whaleboat. The earliest American whaling ships visited Australian waters in 1792 laying the foundations for the Western Australian whaling industry.
Whaling is the hunting of whales for products like meat, oil and blubber. Its earliest forms date to over 5,000 years ago when some coastal communities have long histories of subsistence whaling and harvesting of beached whales. Industrial whaling emerged with organized fleets in the 17th century. The whaling industry peaked in the 18th and 19th centuries with the introduction of factory ships. In 1986, the International Whaling Commission (IWC) banned commercial whaling because of the extreme depletion of most of the whale stocks.
American Whaleboat ‘Beetle’
- Name: American Whaleboat ‘Beetle’
- Designed: 1840’s
- Length: 8.723m (28′ 5″)
- Beam: 1.955m (6′ 5″)
- Depth: 0.66m (2′ 2″)
- Materials: Planking of Cedar; Frames & Keel of Oak
- Builder: Mystic Seaport, Connecticut, USA
- Museum: WA Maritime Museum
“We are like islands in the sea, separate on the surface but connected in the deep.”
– William James
Photo Credit: GM