Czech in Central Europe includes the historical territories of Bohemia, Moravia, and Czech Silesia. The Czech state was formed in the late 9th century as the Duchy of Bohemia. Following a long and glorious history, the Hussite wars of the 15th century driven by the Protestant Bohemian Reformation, the kingdom faced economic embargoes and crusades proclaimed by the leaders of the Roman Catholic Church. Following the Battle of Mohács in 1526, the whole Crown of Bohemia was gradually integrated into the Habsburg Monarchy alongside the Archduchy of Austria and the Kingdom of Hungary.
Eventually, the Habsburgs consolidated their rule, eradicated Protestantism and reimposed Roman Catholicism, and with the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire, the Bohemian Kingdom became part of the Austrian Empire. The Republic of Czechoslovakia was formed in 1918 following the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire after World War I.
In 1993, Czechoslovakia dissolved, with its constituent states becoming the independent states of the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Today, Czech is a highly developed country with a rich cultural heritage and with many world-class museums.
- Country: Czech Republic
- Czech: Česká republika
- Capital: Prague
- National language Czech
- Population 10.6 million
Czech Proverbs and Quotes
Map of Czech
“Anger is the only thing to put off until tomorrow..” Czech Proverb
Photo Credit: By Moyan Brenn from Anzio, Italy (Prague) [CC BY 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons