“Eve” by Auguste Rodin is a smaller version of the bronze statue initially created for “Gates of Hell” and which has become one of the Rodin’s best-known sculptures of the female figure. Eve stands awkwardly in an attempt to cover her body, she appears to be crouching, as she draws her left leg in to conceal herself entirely. The depiction captures the agonised moment of shame through the perception of nakedness after the fall into sin. Her left-hand makes a gesture, as if in protection against a blow.
Using clay, plaster moulds, and a meticulous process that included live models, Rodin created sculptures that were innovative and realistic. With Eve, Rodin created a textured and emotive figure to mirror his statue of Adam. Rodin did not complete this expressive sculpture, the deliberately unfinished aspect was one of the stylistic techniques which makes him one of the revolutionary founding father of modern sculpture.
Adam by Auguste Rodin
Both the Eve and Adam sculptures were initially conceived as part of a group of reliefs decorating Rodin’s monumental bronze portal “The Gates of Hell“, that depicts scenes from “The Inferno” in Dante Alighieri’s book the Divine Comedy. Rodin originally planned that The Gates would be flanked by the two colossal statues of Adam and Eve, the first sinners. The figure of Eve was one of the first life-size female figures that Rodin ever modelled.
Auguste Rodin is generally considered the father of modern sculpture, he possessed a unique ability to model a complex and deeply pocketed surface in clay. Many of his most notable sculptures were criticised during his lifetime. Rodin’s most original work departed from traditional themes of mythology and allegory, he modelled the human body with realism and with individual character and physicality. By 1900, he was a world-renowned artist and remains one of the few sculptors widely known outside the arts community.
- Title: Eve
- Year: 1881
- Place of Origin: France
- Material: Bronze
- Museum: Musée Rodin
- Name: François-Auguste-René Rodin
- Born: 1840 – Paris, France
- Died: 1917 (aged 77) – Meudon, France
- Nationality: French
- Notable works:
“I invent nothing, I rediscover.” Auguste Rodin
Photo Credit: By Lomita (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons