“The Mona Lisa” by Leonardo da Vinci
The “Mona Lisa” by Leonardo da Vinci is a portrait which he started in Florence around 1503. It is thought to be of Lisa Gherardini, wife of a Florentine cloth merchant. Leonardo took this painting with him to France when he joined the court of the French King, and after his death, the picture entered King François I’s collection.
The Mona Lisa then became part of The Louvre collection in 1797 and is considered to be one of the world’s best-known paintings, the most written about and the most parodied works of art in the world.
In 1911, Leonardo’s Mona Lisa painting was stolen from the Louvre, and the Louvre closed for an entire week during the investigations. The theft created a media sensation, and rewards were offered. Pablo Picasso was on the original list of suspects questioned and jailed for the robbery, but he was later released. After many false leads and claims, the Mona Lisa thief was caught when he attempted to sell it to the Uffizi Gallery in Florence.
“The Mona Lisa” was returned to the Louvre in 1914, and the thief, a Louvre employee Vincenzo Peruggia only served six months in prison for the crime. Peruggia was hailed for his patriotism in Italy as he claimed that he wanted to return the Mona Lisa to the country that gave birth to the Mona Lisa and Leonardo. Perugia believed that the Mona Lisa had been stolen from Florence by Napoleon. He felt that he deserved a reward for doing his patriotic duty and returning it to its real home in Italy.
The Mona Lisa is on display in the Uffizi Gallery, in Florence (Italy), just before it was returned to the Louvre.
Before the 1911 theft, the Mona Lisa was not widely known outside the art world. The nearly two-year hunt across multiple continents helped to publicize the Mona Lisa and increase awareness of this masterpiece in the public imagination. In 1956, the painting was damaged when a vandal threw acid at it, which provided more publicity and notoriety. That same year, a rock was thrown at the canvas, which left some minor damage.
The bulletproof glass was then installed to protect the Mona Lisa. This protection was fortunate when, in 1974, a woman, upset by the museum’s policy for disabled people, sprayed red paint at the Mona Lisa. More recently, in 2009, a Russian woman, upset for being denied French citizenship, threw a ceramic teacup at the famous painting.
The painting has been exhibited in New York City, Washington, D.C., Tokyo, and Moscow with great success. Before the U.S. tour, in 1962, the picture was assessed for insurance at $100 million. In today’s terms, that translates to about $800m, considered to be the most valued painting in the world.
In art terms, the Mona Lisa is the earliest Italian portrait to focus firmly on the sitter in a half-length portrait and set the standard for future artists. Depicting the subject in front of an imaginary landscape, Leonardo was one of the first painters to use perspective in this way. Da Vinci pioneered a shadowing technique at the corners of her lips and the corners of her eyes, which give her a remarkably lifelike appearance and look of amusement.
An unexpected historical copy of the Mona Lisa was discovered in 2012 as part of the Prado collection in Madrid. When the painting was cleaned, scientific analysis revealed that another artist probably painted the reproduction. Possibly an apprentice of Leonardo da Vinci, who sat beside Leonardo and copied his work, brush-stroke by brush-stroke.
A copy of the Mona Lisa. Discovered in 2012 as part of the Prado collection in Madrid.
The Prado painting suggests what the Mona Lisa might look like if layers of yellowed varnish could be removed from the original. The face, especially the smile, does look slightly different, but it is a close copy in many other respects and dates to a similar time. The painting cannot be considered as a workshop copy. It has careful and thorough execution, as well as its use of expensive materials such as lapis lazuli or red lacquer, which were used by Leonardo.
Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci was an Italian painter, draftsman, sculptor, architect, scientist, and an engineer who was already famous in his lifetime and is today considered a genius. Leonardo’s masterpiece had considerable influence during his lifetime and continued to influence and attract lovers of history and art in our life.
- Title: Mona Lisa
- Français: La Joconde, La Gioconda
- Artist: Leonardo da Vinci
- Created: 1503
- Periods: High Renaissance
- Subject: Not certain, possibly Lisa Gherardini
- Media: Oil paint on poplar wood
- Dimensions: 77 cm x 53 cm
- Museum: The Louvre (since 1797)
Leonardo da Vinci
- Name: Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci
- Born: 1452 – Vinci, Republic of Florence (present-day Italy)
- Died: 1519 (aged 67) – Amboise, Kingdom of France
- Movement: High Renaissance
- Mona Lisa
- The Last Supper
- Ginevra de’ Benci
- The Virgin and Child with St. Anne
- Virgin of the Rocks(The National Gallery, London)
- Virgin of the Rocks (Louvre, Paris)
- Madonna Litta
- Madonna of the Carnation
- Lady with an Ermine
- La belle ferronnière
- The Battle of Anghiari – Copy of Leonardo da Vinci’s Lost Painting
- “Leda and the Swan” by Cesare da Sesto, after Leonardo da Vinci
- “Leda and the Swan” after Leonardo da Vinci, Attributed to Il Sodoma
- “Leda and the Swan” by Francesco Melzi, after Leonardo da Vinci
A Virtual Tour of the Louvre
- The Mona Lisa” by Leonardo da Vinci
- “Ruggiero Freeing Angelica” by Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
- “The Valpinçon Bather” by Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
- “The Turkish Bath” by Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
- “Grande Odalisque” by Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
- “Perseus and Andromeda” by Joachim Wtewael
- Self-portrait with Her Daughter, Julie by Louise Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun
- “The Virgin and Child with St. Anne” by Leonardo da Vinci
- “Louis XIV of France” by Hyacinthe Rigaud
- “The Massacre at Chios” by Eugène Delacroix
- “The Battle of San Romano” by Paolo Uccello
- “Virgin of the Rocks” by Leonardo da Vinci
- “The Death of Sardanapalus” by Eugène Delacroix
- “Psyche Revived by Cupid’s Kiss” by Antonio Canova
- “Liberty Leading the People” by Eugène Delacroix
- “The Arcadian Shepherds” by Nicolas Poussin
- “The Lacemaker” by Johannes Vermeer
- “The Money Changer and His Wife” by Quentin Matsys
- “The Fortune Teller” by Caravaggio
- “Portrait of Baldassare Castiglione” by Raphael
- “Charles I at the Hunt” by Anthony van Dyck
- “An Old Man and his Grandson” by Domenico Ghirlandaio
- “Vulcan Presenting Venus with Arms for Aeneas” by François Boucher
- “La belle ferronnière” by Leonardo da Vinci
- Self-Portrait by Élisabeth Sophie Chéron
- The Four Seasons by Nicolas Poussin
- “The Death of Marat” by Gioacchino Giuseppe Serangeli after Jacques-Louis David
- “Oath of the Horatii” by Jacques-Louis David
- “The Coronation of Napoleon” by Jacques-Louis David
- “Portrait of the Elector John Frederic the Magnanimous of Saxony” by Lucas Cranach the Elder
- “Leonidas at Thermopylae” by Jacques-Louis David
- “Entry of Alexander into Babylon” by Charles Le Brun
- The Raft of the Medusa by Théodore Géricault
- “Moses saved from the Waters” by Nicolas Poussin
- “The Battle of Anghiari” by Peter Paul Rubens – Copy of Leonardo da Vinci’s Lost Painting
- “Oedipus and the Sphinx” by Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
- “Diana Discovering the Pregnancy of Callisto” Attributed to Paul Brill
- “Philosopher in Meditation” by Rembrandt
- Egyptian Antiquities
- Near Eastern Antiquities
- Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Collections
- Highlights of The Louvre
- Pablo Picasso was suspected and jailed for the robbery of the Mona Lisa; fortunately, he was later released.
- Did the Theft make The ‘Mona Lisa’ a Masterpiece?
“The greatest deception men suffer is from their own opinions.”
– Leonardo da Vinci
Photo Credit 1)Leonardo da Vinci [Public domain or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons 2) By Apprentice of Leonardo da Vinci. [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons 3) See page for author [Public domain or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons 4) Robert L. Knudsen [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons 5) Leonardo da Vinci [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons ; Museo del Prado [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons