Joy of Museums

Museums, Art Galleries and Historical Sites

Museums in Germany

Germany's Museums

Museums to Visit in Germany

Germany has the highest population of any state in the European Union, and its capital is Berlin. The country’s other major cities are Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, Frankfurt, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf, Leipzig, Bremen, Dresden, Hannover, and Nuremberg. Today, Germany is the world’s 4th largest economy by nominal GDP and a global leader in several industrial and technological sectors.

Throughout its history, Germany has been the home of influential and successful artists, philosophers, musicians, scientists, engineers, and inventors. Representing this heritage and history are many famous museums to explore in Germany.

A Virtual Tour of Germany’s Museums

Berlin Museums

Munich Museums

Hamburg Museums

Frankfurt Museums

Dresden Museums

Nuremberg Museums

Cologne Museums

Karlsruhe Museums

Hanover Museums

Germany Museums

  • Country:                    Federal Republic of Germany
  • German:                    Bundesrepublik Deutschland
  • Capital:                      Berlin
  • Official languages:    German
  • Population                82 million

German Proverbs and Quotes

Museums to Visit in Berlin

Berlin Museums

  • The Pergamon Museum
    • The Pergamon Museum is located on “Museum Island” in Berlin, Germany. The museum is famous for housing large monumental historic Babylonian, Greek and Roman buildings such as the Ishtar Gate of Babylon, the Pergamon Altar and the Market Gate of Miletus. Pergamon Museum has three separate museums: the Collection of Classical Antiquities, the Museum of the Ancient Near East, and the Museum of Islamic Art.
  • Neues Museum
    • The Neues Museum, meaning “New Museum,” is one of the leading museums in Berlin, Germany, and is located to the north of the Altes Museum or “Old Museum” in an area called Museum Island. It was built between 1843 and 1855 and was heavily damaged during the bombing of Berlin. Following the museum’s rebuilding, it reopened in 2009 with the neoclassical architecture of museums in the 19th-century. Exhibits include the Egyptian and Prehistory and Early History collections, as it did before the war. The artifacts it houses include the iconic bust of the Egyptian queen Nefertiti.
  • Altes Museum
    • The Altes Museum, which is German for Old Museum, is on Museum Island in Berlin, Germany. The museum houses the ancient history collection. The museum building was built between 1823 and 1830 in the neoclassical style to accommodate the Prussian royal family’s art collection. Until 1845, it was called the Königliches Museum (Royal Museum).
  • Alte Nationalgalerie – National Gallery (Berlin)
    • The National Gallery in Berlin is focused on Art of the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries. Starting with the Alte Nationalgalerie, which opened in 1876, its exhibition space has expanded to include five other locations. The museums are part of the Berlin State Museums, and the holdings of the National Gallery are exhibited across multiple sites.
  • Bode Museum
    • The Bode Museum is one of the museums on the Museum Island in Berlin, Germany. It was completed in 1904 and was initially called the Kaiser-Friedrich-Museum after Emperor Frederick III. The museum was renamed in honor of its first curator, Wilhelm von Bode, in 1956. Today the museum is the home for a collection of sculptures, Byzantine art, and coins and medals.
  • Gemäldegalerie, Berlin
    • The Gemäldegalerie is an art museum that houses one of the world’s leading collections of European paintings from the 13th to the 18th centuries. Its collection includes masterpieces from such artists as Dürer, Holbein, Van der Weyden, Van Eyck, Raphael, Botticelli, Titian, Caravaggio, Rubens, Rembrandt, and Vermeer.
  • Spy Museum Berlin
    • The Spy Museum Berlin shows in an interactive and multimedia exhibition the history of espionage and secret services worldwide. Particular emphasis is dedicated to espionage activities in Berlin during the Cold War. The museum’s collection includes nearly 300 exhibits with over 1,000 collection items. The collection consists of original objects and is supplemented by replicas.
  • Jewish Museum, Berlin
    • The first Jewish Museum in Berlin was founded in1933 to curate Jewish history and feature collections of Jewish art. The current Jewish Museum Berlin was opened in 2001 and consists of three buildings, two of which are new additions built explicitly for the museum. German-Jewish history is documented in the collections, the library, and the archive, and is reflected in the museum’s program of events.
  • Deutsches Historisches Museum – German Historical Museum
    • The German Historical Museum or in German: Deutsches Historisches Museum, is a museum in Berlin, Germany devoted to German history. The permanent exhibition German History in Images and Artifacts is housed in the Zeughaus of 1695 – the oldest building on Unter den Linden.
  • DDR Museum
    • The DDR Museum is a museum located in the former governmental district of East Germany, on the river Spree, opposite the Berlin Cathedral. Its exhibition depicts life in former East Germany, known in German as the Deutsche Demokratische Republik or DDR. The exhibition has three themed areas: “Public Life,” “State and Ideology,” and “Life in a Tower Block.” The exhibits presented life under the DDR and explore the themes of culture, family, health, education, work, Ministry for State Security, economy, state, ideology, army, brother states, wall, opposition, penal system, and authority.

Museums to Visit in Munich

Munich Museums

  • Alte Pinakothek
    • The Alte Pinakothek is one of the oldest galleries in the world and houses a significant collection of Old Master paintings. The name Alte (Old) Pinakothek refers to the period covered by the collection, from the fourteenth to the eighteenth century. The Neue Pinakothek includes nineteenth-century art, and Pinakothek der Moderne exhibits modern art.
  • Neue Pinakothek
    • The Neue Pinakothek is an art museum in Munich, Germany. Its focus is the European Art of the 18th and 19th centuries. Together with the Alte Pinakothek and the Pinakothek der Moderne, it is part of Munich’s “Kunstareal” (the “art area”). The name Alte (Old) Pinakothek refers to the period covered by the collection, from the fourteenth to the eighteenth century. The Pinakothek der Moderne exhibits modern art.
  • Lenbachhaus
    • The Lenbachhaus houses an art museum in Munich’s Kunstareal, which is the museum’s quarter in the city center of Munich, Germany. The gallery collection includes works by Munich painters and contemporary artists.
  • Deutsches Museum – German Museum of Masterpieces of Science and Technology
    • The Deutsches Museum in Munich, Germany, is officially titled: German Museum of Masterpieces of Science and Technology, which is the world’s largest museum of science and technology, with about 28,000 exhibited objects from 50 fields of science and technology. Founded in 1903, it is the largest museum in Munich. The museum’s permanent exhibits cover all the areas of significance in Science and Technology.

Museums to Visit in Hamburg

Hamburg Museums

  • Kunsthalle Hamburg
    • The Hamburger Kunsthalle is the art museum of Hamburg and is one of the largest museums in Germany. The name ‘Kunsthalle’ derives the museum’s history as an ‘art hall’ when founded in 1850. Today, the Kunsthall’s collections cover seven centuries of European art, from the Middle Ages to the present day.
  • Internationales Maritimes Museum Hamburg
    • The Internationales Maritimes Museum Hamburg is a museum in Hamburg, Germany, with a collection of model ships, construction plans, uniforms, and maritime art, amounting to over 40,000 items. The collection is split across ten floors in a former warehouse, organized in themes.
  • Miniatur Wunderland
    • Miniatur Wunderland is a model railway and miniature airport attraction in Hamburg, Germany, and the largest of its kind in the world. The railway consisted of over 15,400 m (50,525 ft) of track in the H0 scale. The exhibit includes over 1,300 trains made up of over 10,000 carriages, over 100,000 moving vehicles, ca. 500,000 lights, 130,000 trees, and 400,000 human figurines.

Explore European Museums

A Map of Museums in Germany

Berlin – The Museum Island World Heritage Site

Munich – Exploring the City’s Museums


“I don’t have plans, I only have goals.”
– German Proverb


Photo Credit: By ArcCan (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 ( or GFDL (], via Wikimedia Commons

Popular this Week

Museums, Art Galleries & Historical Sites
"Isle of the Dead" by Arnold Böcklin
Arnold Böcklin
Imaginary Gallery of Ancient Roman Art by Giovanni Paolo Panini
Ancient Historical Artifacts
"Éminence Grise" by Jean-Léon Gérôme
Kritios Boy
"Frederick the Great Playing the Flute at Sanssouci" by Adolph Menzel
Melencolia I by Albrecht Dürer