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Amphora – Depiction of a Funerary Procession

Amphora - Depiction of a Funerary Procession - Altes Museum

Amphora – Depiction of a Funerary Procession

This Amphora, with the depiction of a Funerary Procession, is a ceramic vase from the Greek Late Geometric Period, which is characterized by dense and detailed decorations.

Ancient Greek funerary urns were decorative grave markers that were designed to resemble liquid-holding vessels.

These decorated vases were placed on gravesites as a mark of élite status. Wealthy Greeks had luxuriously painted Funerary Amphora. Funerary urns on male graves, like this example, had themes of military prowess or athletics.

The motif of the horse was a status symbol of the aristocracy. It is omnipresent in the Late Geometric Art.

The human forms are easily distinguished because they do not overlap with one another. The painted black forms were discernible from one another against the color of the clay body.

The male was depicted with a triangular torso, an egg-shaped head with a blob for a nose and long cylindrical thighs and calves. Female figures were also abstract, and their long hair was depicted as a series of lines, as were their breasts, which appeared as strokes under the armpit.

Geometric Art (900 BC – 700 BC)

Geometric art is a phase of Greek art, mainly characterized by geometric motifs in vase painting that flourished towards the end of the Greek Dark Ages, circa 900 BC – 700 BC.

Its center was in Athens, and from there, the style spread among the trading cities of the Aegean. The Greek Dark Ages are also called the Geometric period in reference to this characteristic pottery style.

However, the historical period is longer than the art-historical period, being circa 1100 – 800 BC.

By the Late Geometric period (760–700 BC), the decorative zones had increased with the creation of a laced mesh. Also, the meander dominates and is placed in the most critical area in the metope.

The meander design was arranged between the handles. This technique was a continuation of the Middle Geometric period but now included images of animals and the human form.

Late Geometric Art

People and animals are depicted geometrically in a dark glossy color. The remaining vessel is covered by strict zones of meanders, crooked lines, circles, swastikas, in the same graphical concept. Later, the central tragic theme of the wail declined.

The geometric shapes become freer, and Geometric pottery painting evolved into more naturalistic expressions.

Funerary Vases

Funerary vases not only depicted decorated scenes, but they also had practical purposes, either holding the ashes or being used as grave markers. To the Greeks, an omission of proper burial was an insult to dignity.

The mythological context of a proper burial relates to the Greeks’ belief in continued existence in the underworld that will disallow the dead to maintain peace in the absence of an appropriate ritual of burial.

Amphora – Depiction of a Funerary Procession

  • Title:              Amphora – Depiction of a Funerary Procession (Ekphora)
  • Date:             730 – 720 BC.
  • Location:       Attic, Greece
  • Medium:       Clay
  • Type:             Geometric Amphora
  • Dimensions:  H: 52.8 cm
  • Acquired:       1942
  • Museum:      Altes Museum (German for Old Museum)

Greek history – Geometric period (1000-700 BC)

Highlights of the Altes Museum

Geometric period Greek pottery

 

Explore Berlin’s Museums

Ancient Greece: Geometric & Archaic Periods

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“For me to die for Greece is better than to be the sole ruler over the people of my race.”
– Leonidas of Sparta

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Photo Credit:  JOM

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