“The Generosity of Scipio” by Jean II Restout
“The Generosity of Scipio” by Jean II Restout depicts a famous story about the Roman general Scipio during his military campaign in Spain in the Second Punic War.
Despite having a reputation for womanizing, Scipio resisted his usual brutal treatment of attractive female “barbarian” prisoners.
He instead summoned her parents and fiancé, who arrived with a ransom of treasure. Scipio is depicted with his palm raised to gesture that he gives the defeated Price his bride.
He refused the generous payment and returning her to her fiancé Allucius, who, in return, became a supporter of Rome.
In recognition of a prisoner’s humane treatment, Scipio was taken as one of the prime examples of mercy during warfare in classical times.
Interest in the story revived in the Renaissance. The telling of the episode figured widely after that in both the literary and figurative arts.
There are many artistic depictions of the mercy and the sexual restraint of Scipio. Although, as with the operas related to this story, they now have a variety of titles.
“The Continence of Scipio” is most common, although “The Clemency of Scipio” is also found.
The most common alternative example of military clemency descending from classical times was Alexander the Great’s generous treatment of the defeated Persian King Darius family.
In the painting “The Family of Darius before Alexander” by Paolo Veronese. The scene of a victorious general seated at the center of the composition with kneeling figures before him tells the story.
Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus (236–183 BC) was a Roman general and later consul who was one of the greatest military commanders and strategists of all time.
During the Second Punic War, his main achievements were where he is best known for defeating Hannibal at the final battle of the Battle in 202 BC. This was one of the feats that earned him the nickname Africanus.
Although considered a hero by the general Roman populace, primarily for his contributions in the struggle against the Carthaginians, Scipio was reviled by other patricians of his day.
In his later years, he was tried for bribery and treason, unfounded charges that were only meant to discredit him before the public. Disillusioned by the ingratitude of his peers, Scipio left Rome and withdrew from public life.
Jean II Restout
Jean II Restout (1692 – 1768) was a French painter, whose work was mainly altar-pieces, ceilings, and designs for Gobelin tapestries.
In 1717, the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture elected him a member, and he exhibited at many of the salons.
The Generosity of Scipio
- Title: The Generosity of Scipio
- Artist: Jean II Restout
- Date: 1728
- Medium: oil on canvas
- Type: History Painting
- Dimensions: 130 x 196,7 cm
- Acquired: 1983
- Museum: Gemäldegalerie, Berlin
Jean II Restout
- Artist: Jean II Restout
- Born: 1692, Rouen, France
- Died: 1768
- Nationality: French
- Notable Works:
Scipio Africanus: Greater Than Napoleon
A Tour of the Gemäldegalerie, Berlin
- “Bathsheba” by Sebastiano Ricci
- “Santa Maria della Salute in Venedig vom Canal Grande” by Canaletto
- “Portrait of Jakob Muffel” by Albrecht Dürer
- “Portrait of Hieronymus Holzschuher” by Albrecht Dürer
- “Woman with a Pearl Necklace” by Johannes Vermeer
- “The Generosity of Scipio” by Jean II Restout
- “Seascape” by Arnoldus van Anthonissen
- “Christ on the Mount of Olives” by Matthias Stom
- “Netherlandish Proverbs” by Pieter Bruegel the Elder
Scipio Africanus – Battles, Strategy and Victory
- The Pergamon Museum
- Neues Museum
- Altes Museum
- Alte Nationalgalerie – National Gallery (Berlin)
- Bode Museum
- Gemäldegalerie, Berlin
- Spy Museum Berlin
- Jewish Museum, Berlin
- Deutsches Historisches Museum – German Historical Museum
- DDR Museum
- German Resistance Memorial Center
- Art Galleries
- Greek and Roman Art
- Egyptian Art
- Kunsthalle Munich
- Deutsches Museum – German Museum of Masterpieces of Science and Technology
Lucius Cornelius Scipio Barbatus, Consul 298 BCE
“The two most powerful warriors are patience and time.”
– Leo Tolstoy
Photo Credit: JOM