A Tour of the Pergamon Museum
The Pergamon Museum is located on the “Museum Island” in Berlin, Germany. The museum is famous for housing large monumental historic Babylonian, Greek and Roman buildings such as the Ishtar Gate of Babylon, the Pergamon Altar and the Market Gate of Miletus. The following links provide more in-depth coverage.
Highlights of the Pergamon Museum
- The Pergamon Altar
- Ishtar Gate
- The Market Gate of Miletus
- Tile – Building Ceramic – Iran 13th – 14th Century
- Lion Hunting Scene – 750 BC
- Islamic Astrolabe
- Islamic Prayer Niche
- Victory Stele of Esarhaddon
- The Desert Place of Mshatta Facade
- Temple of Ashur Water Basin
- Orpheus Mosaic from Miletus
- Lion Hunt Relief from Nimrud
- Ottoman Small Pattern Holbein Knotted Carpet – 16th Century
- Photo Gallery of the Pergamon Museum
Lion from the Ishtar Gate Processional Way
The Ishtar Gate Processional Way is a red and yellow brick-paved corridor, which was initially over half a mile long with walls on each side, over 15 meters tall. The walls were decorated with over 120 images of lions, bulls, dragons, and flowers, made from enameled blue, yellow, and brown tiles. It was this processional way that led to the temple of Marduk, which was in the form of a ziggurat.
Ishtar Gate tiles with Babylonian motifs
The Ishtar Gate was a passageway to the inner city of Babylon, constructed by order of King Nebuchadnezzar II in about 575 BCE.
Building inscription of Nebuchadnezzar II at the gate
The text of the inscription reads: “I Nebuchadnezzar laid the foundation of the gates down to the groundwater level and had them built out of pure bluestone. Upon the walls in the inner room of the gate are bulls and dragons, and thus, I magnificently adorned them with luxurious splendor for all humanity to behold in awe.”
“To be ignorant of what occurred before you were born is to remain always a child.
For what is the worth of human life, unless it is woven into the life of our ancestors by the records of history?”
– Marcus Tullius Cicero
Photo Credit: Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-12947-0003 / CC-BY-SA 3.0 [CC BY-SA 3.0 de], via Wikimedia Commons