This rectangular quartz frit tile is from Iran and was created in the 13th – 14th Century. The relief shows a hunting scene, and between the two galloping riders is a deer. The riders have a golden halo surrounding their heads. The hunter on the right holds the reins in his right hand and a sword in his left. The rider on the left is turning his body backward. He holds the bow and arrow in his hands and aims at the deer.
Different types of flowers and leaves surround the riders. Along the upper and lower edge runs a narrow border, which is decorated with repetitive floral motifs. This tile was part of a frieze that adorned the interior walls of a palace and is made of quartz frit.
Fritware refers to a type of pottery that was first developed in the Near East, a technique for “fritware” dating to c. 1300 AD, written by Abu’l Qasim, reports that the ratio of quartz to “frit-glass” to white clay is 10:1:1. This type of pottery has also been referred to as “stone paste” and “faience” among other names.
Iznik pottery was produced in Ottoman Turkey as early as the 15th century AD. It consists of a body, slip, and glaze, where the body and glaze are “quartz-frit.” Microscopic analysis reveals that the material that has been labeled “frit” is “interstitial glass,” which serves to connect the quartz particles. Frit was also a significant component in some early European porcelains.
A halo is a crown of light rays, circle or disk of light that surrounds a person in the various arts. It has been used in the iconography of many religions to indicate sacred figures and has at different periods also been used in images of rulers or heroes. In the sacred art of Ancient Greece, Rome, Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, Christianity, and other religions, holy persons may be depicted with a halo in the form of a circular glow, or flames.
In Asian art, a halo may be depicted around the head or the whole body. If around the entire body, it is called a mandorla. Halos may be shown as almost any color or combination of colors, but are most often depicted as golden, yellow, or white when representing light or red when representing flames.
Tile – Building Ceramic – Iran 13th – 14th Century
- Name: Tile – Building Ceramic – Iran 13th – 14th Century
- Created 13th – 14th century
- Original Location: Iran
- Material: Quartz frit, model embossed, opaque turquoise glaze under blue, white and red livery with gilding
- Dimensions: H: 24.5 cm; W: 42.5 cm; Depth: 4 cm
- Museum: Pergamon Museum
A Tour of the Pergamon Museum
- The Pergamon Altar
- Ishtar Gate
- The Market Gate of Miletus
- Tile – Building Ceramic – Iran 13th – 14th Century
- Lion Hunting Scene – 750 BC
- Islamic Astrolabe
- Islamic Prayer Niche
- Victory Stele of Esarhaddon
- The Desert Place of Mshatta Facade
- Temple of Ashur Water Basin
- Orpheus Mosaic from Miletus
- Lion Hunt Relief from Nimrud
- Ottoman Small Pattern Holbein Knotted Carpet – 16th Century
- Masterpieces of The Pergamon Museum
A Tour of Berlin’s Museums
- The Pergamon Museum
- Neues Museum
- Altes Museum
- Alte Nationalgalerie – National Gallery (Berlin)
- Bode Museum
- Gemäldegalerie, Berlin
- Spy Museum Berlin
- Jewish Museum, Berlin
- Deutsches Historisches Museum – German Historical Museum
- DDR Museum
- German Resistance Memorial Center
“A broken hand works, but not a broken heart.”
– Iran Proverb
Photo Credit: 1) JOM