Greece, historically also known as Hellas, is located at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa. Situated on the southern tip of the Balkan peninsula, it shares land borders with Albania, the Republic of Macedonia, Bulgaria and Turkey.
The Aegean Sea lies to the east of the mainland, the Ionian Sea to the west, the Cretan Sea and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. Greece has the longest coastline on the Mediterranean Basin and the 11th longest coastline in the world with over 227 inhabited islands.
Greece is the cradle of Western civilisation, being the birthplace of democracy, Western philosophy, the Olympic Games, Western literature, history, political science, major scientific and mathematical principles, and Western drama. Greek culture has had a significant influence on many other cultures, and there are many famous museums in Greece. Featured in “Joy of Museums are the following:
- Country: Greece or the Hellenic Republic
- Greek: Ελληνική Δημοκρατία
- Capital: Athens
- Official languages: Greek
- Population 11.2 million
“Athens, the eye of Greece, mother of arts and eloquence… ” John Milton
Photo Credit: Thomas Wolf, www.foto-tw.de [CC BY-SA 3.0 de (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/de/deed.en)], via Wikimedia Commons