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Joy of Museums

Museums, Art Galleries and Historical Sites

Parthenon

Parthenon by Joy of Museum

The Parthenon

The Parthenon is an enduring symbol of Ancient Greece and one of the world’s most significant cultural monuments. The Parthenon was a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena and was constructed over 2,500 years ago when the state of Athens was at the peak of its power. The Athenians built the Parthenon as a celebration of their pan-Hellenic victory over the Persian invaders and as a thanksgiving to the gods for that victory. The Parthenon replaced an older temple of Athena that was destroyed by the Persian in 480 BC.

Following the first destruction of the Acropolis by the Roman invasion of Athens, when successive Roman generals looted the Parthenon, it later became incorporated into the Byzantine Empire when the Parthenon was converted into a Christian church dedicated to the Virgin Mary. After the Ottoman invasion and conquest, the Parthenon was turned into a mosque in the early 1460s. Later in 1687, as an Ottoman ammunition dump, the building was exploded by Venetian bombardment. The resulting explosion severely damaged the Parthenon and its sculptures. From 1800 to 1803, Lord Elgin removed many of the surviving sculptures, which were sold in 1816 to the British Museum in London, where they are now displayed. Today the Parthenon looks on battle scared but resolute with an amazing and inspiring survival story.

Exploring The Acropolis of Athens

Parthenon Photo Gallery

  • Parthenon Photo Gallery

Reflections

  • Is the Parthenon one the must-see Historic sites?
  • After multiple invasions and attacks, is this structure a fantastic witness to history?
  • Do the battle scares of the Parthenon make it even more interesting?

Parthenon

  • Name:              Parthenon
  • Date:                  421 – 406 BC
  • City:                   Athens
  • Country:           Greece
  • Location:          Athens, Attica, Greece

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“You don’t develop courage by being happy in your relationships every day.
You develop it by surviving difficult times and challenging adversity.”

– Epicurus

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Photo Credit: JOM

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