Corinth – Photo Gallery
Ancient Corinth was one of the largest and most important cities of Ancient Greece. The Romans demolished Corinth in 146 BC, built a new town in its place in 44 BC, and made it the provincial capital of Greece.
For Christians, Corinth is also crucial because of the letters of Saint Paul in the New Testament, First Corinthians and Second Corinthians. Corinth is also mentioned in the Book of Acts as part of the Apostle Paul’s missionary travels.
In 1458, five years after the final Fall of Constantinople, the Turks of the Ottoman Empire conquered the city. The Ottomans made it a district centre. Later the Venetians captured the city in 1687, and it remained under Venetian control until the Ottomans retook the city in 1715.
During the Greek War of Independence, 1821–1830 the city was destroyed by the Ottoman forces but was liberated in 1832 after the Treaty of London. In 1833, the site was considered among the candidates for the new capital city of the recently founded Kingdom of Greece, due to its historical significance and strategic position, however, Nafplio was chosen initially and then Athens.
Roman Odeum in Ancient Corinth
Byzantine Additions to Ancient Corinth
The fountain of Glauke was cut from the limestone ridge on which stands the Temple of Apollo. The large mass of limestone was formed into a giant cube and the interior consists of four large reservoirs. Water was piped from the fountain which had a capacity of about 527 m3. The Romans destroyed the fountain which dated to the sixth century BC in 146 B.C. The Romans later restored and repaired the fountain.
Local legends tell the story of Glauke who was the daughter of King Creon and was proposed in marriage to the hero of the Argonauts Jason, however before her wedding, Glauke received a poisoned peplos, which inflamed immediately after it was worn, In order to be saved, the Glauke fell in the fountain, and it was then named after her.
Creusa, daughter of Creon
In Greek mythology, Creusa or in Latin, Glauca, was the daughter of King Creon of Corinth, Greece, in whose favour Jason abandoned Medea. In the version of the myth commonly followed by ancient tragedians, Medea obtained her revenge by giving Creusa a dress that had been cursed by the sorceress. The curse caused the dress, or Shirt of Flame to stick to Creusa’s body and burn her to death as soon as she put it on.
Roman Temple Remains
Corinth Historical Sites
Corinth – Photo Gallery
Greek Proverbs and Quotes
“Learn to bear bravely the changes of fortune. ”
– Periander of Corinth, 668-584 BC
Photo Credit: JOM