Santorini which during classical times was known as Thera is an island in the southern Aegean Sea. It is the largest island of a small, circular archipelago the remnant of a volcanic caldera. Santorini is the result of an enormous volcanic eruption that destroyed the earliest settlements on what was before a larger single island. The resulting volcanic caldera is a giant central crater filled with water surrounded by high cliffs on three sides. The depth of the caldera, at 400m, which means that only largest ships can anchor in the protected bay.
The island is the site of one of the most massive volcanic eruptions in recorded history. The Minoan eruption which occurred some 3,600 years ago at the height of the Minoan civilization. This enormous eruption may have led indirectly to the collapse of the Minoan civilization on the island of Crete, 110 km (68 mi) to the south, through a gigantic tsunami. Another theory proposes that this eruption is the source of the legend of Atlantis.
Santorini was named by the Latin Empire in the thirteenth century, and is a reference to Saint Irene, from the name of the old cathedral on the island. The name Thera was revived in the nineteenth century as the official name of the island and its central city, but the colloquial name Santorini is still in widespread use.
- Museum of Prehistoric Thera
- Archaeological Museum of Thera
- Maritime Museum, Santorini
Santorini Historical Sites
Santorini – Photo Gallery
- Santorini – Photo Gallery
Greek Proverbs and Quotes
“But afterwards there occurred violent earthquakes and floods; and in a single day and night of misfortune all your warlike men in a body sank into the earth, and the island of Atlantis in like manner disappeared in the depths of the sea. ”
Photo Credit: JOM