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World War II Hellenic Army

World War II Hellenic Army - War Museum of Thessaloniki by Joy of Museums

World War II Hellenic Army

The World War II Hellenic Army fought the Italian invasion in October 1940, which is known as the Greco-Italian War. The Hellenic Army repulsed the initial Italian attack and successfully counter-attack. However, as the bulk of the Greek Army was on the Albania border where the Italian troops had attacked, the German troops invaded from Bulgaria, creating a second front in April 1941. The Greek army found itself outnumbered while defending against both Italian and German troops. As a result, the defensive line was quickly overrun by the Germans, who then outflanked the Greek forces at the Albanian border, forcing their surrender.

Allied forces played an important part in containing the German advance however on 30th April, the German forces captured 7,000 British, Australian and New Zealand personnel. Greece was then occupied by the military forces of Germany, Italy and Bulgaria.

Hellenic Army

The Hellenic Army, which was formed in 1828, is the land force of Greece. The Hellenic Army Emblem is the two-headed eagle with a Greek Cross coat of arms in the centre, representing the links between modern Greece, the Greek Orthodox Church, and the Byzantine Empire.

Did you know?

  • Hellenic is generally a synonym for Greek.
  • The motto of the Hellenic Army is “Freedom Stems from Valour”, is derived from Thucydides’s History of the Peloponnesian War.

World War II Hellenic Army

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“You don’t develop courage by being happy in your relationships every day.
You develop it by surviving difficult times and challenging adversity.”

– Epicurus

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Photo Credit: JOM

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