The Pillar of Ramsesemperre, Royal Cupbearer and Fanbearer, shows the importance of these roles in the ancient Egyptian Pharaoh’ court. This pillar dates to Ramesses II or slightly later. Ramesses II also known as Ramesses the Great, is often regarded as the greatest, most celebrated, and most powerful pharaoh of the Egyptian Empire.
One famous story about one Royal Cupbearer comes from the Bible in Genesis:
“Sometime later, the cupbearer and the baker of the king of Egypt offended their master, the king of Egypt. Pharaoh was angry with his two officials, the chief cupbearer and the chief baker, and put them in custody in the house of the captain of the guard, in the same prison where Joseph was confined. The captain of the guard assigned them to Joseph, and he attended them.”
According to the bible story, Joseph had earned a reputation as an interpreter of dreams. He makes an interpretation of the dreams of the Royal cupbearer and the Royal Baker, while they were imprisoned on suspicion of theft. Joseph prophesied that the cupbearer’s dream means that he will soon be acquitted and returned to his role as Royal Cupbearer, whereas the baker’s dream means that Pharaoh will have him executed. These dream interpretations come to pass.
For the Royal Cupbearer and Fanbearer on this pillar, we do not have a story. We can only imagine what he saw and heard in the Royal Palace of the Pharaoh.
- Title: Pillar of Ramsesemperre, Royal Cupbearer and Fanbearer
- Created: 1279 – 1204 BC
- Period: 19th Dynasty, Reign of Ramses II to Merenptah
- Find-site: Saqqara, aslo spelled Sakkara or Saccara, Egypt
- Media: Limestone
- Museum: The Archaeological Civic Museum of Bologna
“The greatest deception men suffer is from their own opinions.” Leonardo da Vinci
Photo Credit 1) By Joyofmuseums (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], via Wikimedia Commons;