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Relief of Horemheb with Nubian Prisoners

Relief of Horemheb with Nubian Prisoners - Joy of Museums - The Archaeological Civic Museum of Bologna

Relief of Horemheb with Nubian Prisoners

This Relief of Horemheb with Nubian Prisoners shows Nubian prisoners with Negroid features, tightly curled hair, and earrings, who are seated on the ground submissively as Egyptian soldiers with batons watch over them. Depicted in sunk relief is also a scribe who is writing a report.  This sculptured relief was part of a larger composition depicting foreign prisoners of war, and it celebrated the prowess of Horemheb, the general commander of the army, who took prisoners after military campaigns.

This limestone relief with traces of painting from the Saqqara tomb of Horemheb dates to the reign of Tutankhamun. Horemheb was the commander-in-chief of the army under the reigns of Tutankhamun and Ay. After his accession to the throne, as Pharaoh, official action was taken against the preceding Amarna rulers. Horemheb demolished monuments of Akhenaten, reusing their remains in his own building projects, and usurped monuments of Tutankhamun and Ay. He is considered to have established traditional religion after the Amarna Period. He ruled for 14 years and was not related to the preceding royal family.

Horemheb

Horemheb was the last pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty of Egypt. He ruled from 1319 BC and 1292 BC. Before he became pharaoh, Horemheb was the commander-in-chief of the army under the reigns of Tutankhamun and Ay. After his accession to the throne, he reformed the Egyptian state and restabilised his country after the divisive Amarna Period. Horemheb usurped Tutankhamun monuments and maybe the key reason that Tutankhamun was not as well-known before the discovery of Tutankhamun’s tomb. Horemheb presumably remained childless since he appointed his vizier Paramesse as his successor, who would assume the throne as Ramesses I.

Exploring Egyptian Art

Reflections

  • Have prisoners of War always been a feature of Ancient Wars?
  • Was this Pharaoh responsible for destroying historical references to Tutankhamun?

Relief of Horemheb with Nubian Prisoners

  • Title:              Relief of Horemheb with Nubian Prisoners
  • Created:        1332-1323 BC
  • Period:          18th Dynasty, Reign of Tutankhamun
  • Find-site:      Saqqara, Sakkara or Saccara, Egypt, Tomb of Horemheb
  • Media:           Limestone with polychromy traces
  • Museum:      The Archaeological Civic Museum of Bologna

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“The greatest deception people suffer is from their own opinions.”
– Leonardo da Vinci

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Photo Credit 1) JOM