Istanbul Archaeology Museums
The Istanbul Archaeology Museums consists of three museums: the Archaeological Museum, the Museum of the Ancient Orient and the Tiled Pavilion Museum or Museum of Islamic Art. The three museums houses over one million objects that represent almost all the eras and civilisations in world history.
The museums were initially founded by imperial decree as the Imperial Museum in 1891 and formed part of the Topkapı Palace outer gardens. An Ottoman Empire decree was enforced to protect cultural goods and governors from the provinces were required to send artefacts to the Imperial Museum. This decree allowed the museum to amass a sizeable and impressive collection.
The Tiled Kiosk was commissioned by Sultan Mehmed II in 1472 and is one of the oldest structures in Istanbul featuring Ottoman architecture. It was a part of the Topkapı Palace outer gardens and was used as the Imperial Museum before the collection moved to the newly constructed main building. The construction of the main building in its present neo-Greek form was completed in 1908. It is one of the prominent structures built in the neoclassical style in Istanbul. The façade of the building was inspired by the Alexander Sarcophagus and Sarcophagus of the Mourning Women, both housed inside the Museum.
The Museum of the Ancient Orient was commissioned in 1883 as a fine arts school. Later it was reorganised as a museum, which opened in 1935. The Tiled Kiosk was opened to the public in 1953 as a museum of Turkish and Islāmic art and was later incorporated into the Istanbul Archaeology Museum.
Among the many historical and cultural objects in the Istanbul Archaeology Museums the following are highlights in the “Joy of Museums”:
- Alexander Sarcophagus
- Tabnit Sarcophagus
- Siloam Inscription
- The Treaty of Kadesh
- The Lycian Sarcophagus
Visiting the Istanbul Archaeology Museums
The Archaeology Museum is located on the road leading up to Topkapı Palace just to the right of the entrance gate to Gülhane Park. The Istanbul archaeology museum hours are from Tuesday-Sunday but confirm with the museum website for the latest updates changes on operating days and hours.
The Archaeology Museum
The main building of the museum can easily be distinguished with its Neo-classical style and represents the first modern museums in Turkey. The top floor of the building houses artefacts such as pottery, ancient statues, coins, rings and medals. On another level is the home of masterpiece statues the collection of historical sarcophagi. On the bottom floor are historical royal coffins found and sculptures dating from ancient eras up to the Byzantine era.
Islāmic Art Museum or Tiled Kiosk Museum
The Ottoman Sultan Mehmet commissioned the Tiled Kiosk in 1472 is one of the oldest examples of Ottoman architecture in Istanbul. It was used as the Empire Museum between 1875-1891. After the transfer of non-Islamic art to the Istanbul Archaeology Museum, it was opened the o public in 1953 with Turkish and Islamic works as the main focus.
The Tiled Kiosk is a pavilion set within the outer walls of Topkapı Palace as a pleasure palace or kiosk. It is located in the outermost parts of the palace, next to Gülhane Park. The pavilion has many examples of İznik tiles and Seljuk pottery.
Ancient Orient Museum
The Ancient Orient Museum was founded in 1917 and is a single floor building, and the artefacts are categorised according to their origin and civilisation. The collection includes from pre-Islamic Arabian, ancient Egyptian, Babylonian, pre-Greek Anatolia, Urartu, Mesopotamia and Neo-Assyrian artefacts.
Historical sites near the Archaeological Museum
- The Topkapi Palace
- Hagia Eirene
- Hagia Sophia
- Blue Mosque.
Istanbul Archaeology Museums
- Name: The İstanbul Archaeology Museums
- Established: 1891
- Collection: 1+ million objects
- Type: Archaeology Museum
- Location: Osman Hamdi Bey Yokuşu Sokak, Gülhane, Istanbul, Turkey
“He who starts up in anger sits down with a loss.”
– Turkish Proverb
Photo Credit: 1) By VikiPicture (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons