“Portrait of Doctor ” by Vincent van Gogh
“Portrait of Doctor Félix Rey” by Vincent van Gogh depicts the trainee doctor at Arles Hospital, where Van Gogh was taken for treatment of his mental illness.
After cutting off part of his left ear in December 1888, Vincent van Gogh was taken to the hospital of Arles and placed in the care of Doctor Felix Rey. Dr. Rey was a 23-year-old intern at the time.
This portrait is distinguished by its bright color, flatness, and the absence of modeling. The decorative background of the wallpaper with orange ornamental curls on green presents the doctor in a non-clinical setting.
Doctor Félix Rey is presented with a full face and a carefully and neatly trimmed beard with an elegantly curved mustache. He is presented sympathetically in his fashionable blue jacket, orange buttons, a striped tie, and a green vest.
The painting was executed with dynamic strokes that formed a dynamic pictorial image.
Doctor Félix Rey
Doctor Felix Ray (1865–1932) proved to be one of Vincent’s more sympathetic doctors. He cared about the health and well-being of his patient.
During van Gogh’s stay in the hospital, the artist befriended the attending physician, who showed interest in his work. To thank the doctor, Van Gogh decided to paint his portrait.
The artist executed the portrait in January 1889, and Vincent gave his doctor the picture as a gift. The portrait was remarkable for its resemblance to Dr. Rey, but while he was appreciative, he never really liked the painting.
Dr. Ray graciously accepted his patient’s present; however, despite the van Gogh’s efforts, he never became a fan of his work.
The simplicity of the composition and the brightness of the harmonized colors presents a self-confident and personal portrait. However, the doctor was indifferent to art and considered the portrait the result of the artist’s unhappy, mental illness.
In 1929, Dr. Félix Rey commented on the portrait Vincent van Gogh had painted of him:
“When I saw that he outlined my head entirely in green, that he painted my hair and my mustache, I really did not have red hair, in blazing red on a biting green background; I was simply horrified.”
The painting was kept in the attic and later covered a hole in the chicken coop. In 1900, the artist Charles Camoen re-traced the footsteps of Van Gogh to Arles, wherein the courtyard of Dr. Ray, he discovered this portrait.
The doctor parted with the portrait, selling it for a nominal amount. Today the portrait is housed at the Pushkin Museum and estimated to be worth over $50 million.
Doctor Felix Ray eventually became a specialist on tuberculosis. He was awarded the silver medal from the Ministry of the Interior for his work during a cholera epidemic.
Vincent van Gogh at Arles Hospital
In late 1888, Van Gogh’s mental health deteriorated, and he became alarmingly eccentric. This period culminated in an altercation with Paul Gauguin following which Van Gogh cut off part of his left ear.
He was then hospitalized in Arles twice over a few months. The hospital diagnosed his condition as “acute mania with generalized delirium.”
Dr. Félix Rey suggested there might be “a kind of epilepsy” involved that he characterized as mental epilepsy.
In January 1889, he returned to the Yellow House but spent the following month between hospital and home suffering from hallucinations and delusions that he was being poisoned.
In April 1889, he moved into rooms owned by Dr. Félix Rey, after floods damaged his rooms and paintings at his home. Around this time, he wrote,
“Sometimes moods of indescribable anguish, sometimes moments when the veil of time and fatality of circumstances seemed to be torn apart for an instant.”
In May 1889, he left Arles for the Saint-Paul asylum in Saint-Rémy-de-Provence, having understood his mental fragility.
There is no agreement today over a modern diagnosis of Van Gogh’s illness. Suggestions include epilepsy and bipolar disorder, exacerbated by excessive absinthe drinking, heavy smoking, and venereal disease.
Portrait of Doctor Félix Rey
- Title: Portrait of Doctor Félix Rey
- Artist: Vincent van Gogh
- Nationality: Dutch
- Year: January 1889
- Medium: Oil on canvas
- Dimensions Height: 64 cm (25.1 in); Width: 53 cm (20.8 in)
- Movement: Post-Impressionist
- Museum: Pushkin Museum
Vincent van Gogh
Vincent Willem van Gogh is among the most famous and influential figures in the history of Western art. Van Gogh was unsuccessful during his lifetime and was considered a madman and a failure.
He created about 2,100 artworks, including around 860 oil paintings, most of them in the last two years of his life.
They were characterized by bold colors and dramatic, impulsive, and expressive brushwork that contributed to the foundations of modern art.
Vincent van Gogh
- Name: Vincent Willem van Gogh
- Born: 1853 – Zundert, Netherlands
- Died: 1890 (aged 37) – Auvers-Sur-Oise, France
- Resting place: Cimetière d’Auvers-Sur-Oise, Auvers-Sur-Oise, France
- Nationality: Dutch
- Movement: Post-Impressionism
- Notable works:
- Starry Night
- Starry Night Over the Rhône
- Irises (Getty Museum)
- Self Portrait, dedicated to Paul Gauguin
- Portrait of the Postman Joseph Roulin
- White House at Night
- The Night Café
- Self-Portrait as a Painter
- Self Portrait with Felt Hat
- Green Wheat Field with Cypress
- The Raising of Lazarus
- Self-Portrait Mutilated Ear
- Café Terrace at Night
- Tarascon Stagecoach
- Wheatfield with Crows
- Bedroom in Arles
- Portrait of the Artist’s Mother
- Vase with Red Poppies
- Memory of the Garden at Etten
- Great Peacock Moth
- Farmhouse in Provence
- Agostina Segatori Sitting in the Café du Tambourin
- Fishing Boats on the Beach at Saintes-Maries
- Seascape at Saintes-Maries
- Girl in White
- Young Peasant Woman with Straw Hat Sitting in the Wheat
- Van Gogh’s Chair
- Gauguin’s Chair
- Saint-Rémy – Road with Cypress and Star
- Almond Blossoms
- The Church at Auvers
- The Yellow House
- Portrait of Père Tanguy
- Portrait of Doctor Félix Rey
A Virtual Tour of the Pushkin Museum
- “Bucentaur’s return to the pier by the Palazzo Ducale” by Canaletto
- Priam’s Treasure
- “Seagulls, the River Thames and the Houses of Parliament” by Claude Monet
- “Not to work” by Paul Gauguin
- “Horse Attacked by a Jaguar” by Henri Rousseau
- “Seascape at Saintes-Maries” by Vincent van Gogh
- “Portrait of Doctor Félix Rey” by Vincent van Gogh
Van Gogh’s Doctor’s note by Doctor Felix Ray
What does Van Gogh’s doctor’s note say? – By Doctor Felix Ray
Why did Van Gogh cut off his ear?
“The best way to know God is to love many things.”
– Vincent van Gogh
Photo Credit: 1) Vincent van Gogh [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons;