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The Three Graces by Antonio Canova (Hermitage Museum)

The Three Graces by Antonio Canova1

The Three Graces  by Antonio Canova

“The Three Graces” by Antonio Canova is a statue of the three mythological charities who were daughters of Zeus. Zeus was the sky and thunder god in ancient Greek religion, who ruled as king of the gods of Mount Olympus.

The three sisters are identified as Euphrosyne, Aglaea, and Thalia, from left to right. They represent youth and beauty, she is named Thalia, mirth, is named Euphrosyne, and elegance is named Aglaea. The Graces presided over banquets and gatherings, to delight the guests of the gods. The Three Graces have inspired many artists and have served as subjects for many artists.

This masterpiece is carved from white marble and demonstrates Canova’s ability to shape the stone to highlight the Graces’ soft flesh. This was a trademark of the Canova, and this piece shows his leadership style in the Neoclassical movement in sculpture.

The three goddesses are huddled together, their heads almost touching and standing leaning slightly inward enjoying their closeness. Their hairstyles are similar, braided, and held in a knot. A peaceful balance is achieved, as the sisters embrace and become as one in their embrace. They are united by their linked hands and by a scarf which provides some modesty. The unity of the Graces is one of the main themes of this masterpiece.

This original statue which is in the Hermitage Museum was sculpted for Empress Josephine, the first wife of Napoleon I. A second version was commissioned for an English patron, which is now jointly owned by the National Galleries of Scotland and the Victoria and Albert Museum in London.

Antonio Canova

Antonio Canova (1757 – 1822) was an Italian Neoclassical sculptor, famous for his marble sculptures. Canova was regarded as one of the greatest of the Neoclassical artists. The Baroque and Classical Revival styles inspired his artwork. Canova’s passion in sculptures were either Heroic compositions, compositions of Grace, or Tomb monuments.

Antonio Canova was born in the Venetian Republic. Unfortunately, his father, who was a stonecutter, died when Canova was three years old. Fortunately, he was put into the care of his paternal grandfather, who was a stonemason and a sculptor who specialized in altars with statues and low reliefs. His grandfather led Antonio into the art of sculpting. At the age of nine, Antonio Canova executed two small shrines of Carrara marble, which are still in existence. After these works, he was employed under his grandfather as a sculptor.

Antonio Canova worked in Venice, Rome, France, and England, and by 1800, Canova was the most celebrated artist in Europe. He promoted his reputation by publishing engravings of his works and having marble versions of plaster casts made in his workshop. He was so successful that he had patrons from across Europe, including France, England, Russia, Poland, Austria, and Holland. In 1820, Canova made a statue of George Washington for the state of North Carolina.

Three Graces

  • Title:                   Three Graces
  • Artist:                 Antonio Canova
  • Year:                   1813 – 1816
  • Place Created:   Italy
  • Medium:            Marble
  • Dimensions       Height: 182 cm (71.7 in).
  • Museum:           Hermitage Museum

Antonio Canova

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“Every block of stone has a statue inside it, and it is the task of the sculptor to discover it.”
– Michelangelo


Photo Credit:  1) By Stebanoid (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons