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The Three Graces by Antonio Canova (Hermitage Museum)

The Three Graces by Antonio Canova1

The Three Graces  by Antonio Canova

“The Three Graces” by Antonio Canova is a Neoclassical statue of the three mythological charities who were daughters of Zeus (the sky and thunder god in ancient Greek religion, who ruled as king of the gods of Mount Olympus).

The three sisters are identified as Euphrosyne, Aglaea and Thalia, from left to right. They represent youth/beauty (Thalia), mirth (Euphrosyne), elegance (Aglaea). The Graces presided over banquets and gatherings, to delight the guests of the gods. The Three Graces have inspired many artists and have served as subjects for many artists.

This masterpiece is carved from white marble and demonstrates Canova’s ability to shape the stone to highlight the Graces’ soft flesh. This was a trademark of the Canova and this piece shows his leadership style in the Neoclassical movement in sculpture.

The three goddesses are huddled together, their heads almost touching and standing leaning slightly inward enjoying their closeness. Their hairstyles are similar, braided and held in a knot. A peaceful balance is achieved, as the sisters embrace and become as one in their embrace, united by their linked hands and by a scarf which provides some modesty. The unity of the Graces is one of the main themes of this masterpiece.

This original statue at the Hermitage Museum was sculpted for Empress Josephine (first wife of Napoleon I) and a second version was commissioned for an English patron, which is now jointly owned by the National Galleries of Scotland and the Victoria and Albert Museum in London and is alternately displayed at each.

Three Graces

  • Title:                   Three Graces
  • Artist:                 Antonio Canova
  • Year:                   1813 – 1816
  • Place Created:   Italy
  • Medium:            Marble
  • Dimensions       Height: 182 cm (71.7 in).
  • Museum:           Hermitage Museum

Antonio Canova

  • Name:                   Antonio Canova
  • Born:                     1757 – Possagno, Republic of Venice
  • Died:                     1822 (aged 64) – Venice, Lombardy–Venetia
  • Nationality:         Italian
  • Movement:          Neo-Classical
  • Notable works:
    • Psyche Revived by Cupid’s Kiss
    • The Three Graces
    • Napoleon as Mars the Peacemaker
    • Venus Victrix


“Every block of stone has a statue inside it and it is the task of the sculptor to discover it.”
– Michelangelo


Photo Credit:  1) By Stebanoid (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons