The Cyrus Cylinder is an ancient clay cylinder, from the 6th century BC, on which is written a declaration in cuneiform script in the name of Persia’s King Cyrus the Great. It describes the king’s capture of Babylon in 539 BC and how he restored temples in major cities and returned deported people to their homes. The text on the Cylinder praises Cyrus for his peaceful and just rule, and due to these precepts, this historical object has been claimed to be an early version of ‘charter of human right’.
The text on the Cylinder praises Cyrus by setting out his genealogy and portrays him as a King from a line of Kings. Cyrus is described as having been chosen by the Babylonian god Marduk to restore peace and order to the Babylonians. The text states that Cyrus was welcomed by the people of Babylon as their new ruler and entered the city in peace. It praises Cyrus as a benefactor of the citizens of Babylonia who improved their lives, repatriated displaced people and restored temples and cult sanctuaries across the region.
The Cylinder was discovered in the ruins of Babylon in Mesopotamia (modern Iraq) in 1879. It was created and used for the ritual burial ceremony in which cylinders or foundation nails with texts, were buried under the foundations of an important building at the start of a building project. The building program followed the Persian conquest of Babylon in 539 BC when the Neo-Babylonian Empire was invaded by Cyrus and incorporated into his Persian Empire. The Cylinder’s text has been seen by biblical scholars as evidence of the repatriation of the Jewish people following their Babylonian captivity, a deed that the Book of Ezra attributes to Cyrus.
For more detailed insights explore our “MYSTERIES & TREASURES of the BRITISH MUSEUM” (E-book).
The MYSTERIES & TREASURES of the BRITISH MUSEUM book covers the essential highlights of the British Museum and provides insights to help you appreciate its many fascinating exhibits. After reading the MYSTERIES & TREASURES of the BRITISH MUSEUM, the museum’s many wonders will feel like old friends.
The British Museum is a museum where every visit brings something new. This new book includes over 25 Chapters featuring the Treasures in The British Museum. Download “MYSTERIES & TREASURES of the BRITISH MUSEUM” in less than 10 minutes as a PDF electronic book that you can use on most digital devices: Personal Computers, Laptops, iPads, Tablets and Mobile Devices. Or if you prefer, you can easily print our E-Books, to create your own hard-copy paper book.
For more details and insights explore our “MYSTERIES & TREASURES of the BRITISH MUSEUM” (E-book).
“Victory belongs to the most persevering.” Napoleon
Photo Credit: 1)JOM