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Joy of Museums

Museums, Art Galleries and Historical Sites

“Eton College” by Canaletto

Canaletto (II) 005

“Eton College” by Canaletto

“Eton College” by Canaletto depicts the famous school and its chapel as viewed from across the river Thames. The general position of the chapel, as shown, is correct, but many of the other buildings’ details are invented. Canaletto did staying nearby at Windsor in 1747, but this painting seems to be a later work that was produced from sketches and his memory. The composition is an imaginary view referred to as ‘capriccio,’ and the boundary in some of Canaletto’s works between the real and the imaginary is never quite clearcut.

The view may not be an accurate record, but it is expertly composed, with the various figures who are fishing, punting, and strolling by the river providing animation to the scene. The tree framing on either side of the composition and the shadowed foreground all lead the eye to the college.

Eton College was founded in 1440 by King Henry VI of England to give needy students with a free education that would allow them to attend King’s College in Cambridge. Henry planned to make the nave of the college chapel the largest in Europe, with religious relics to set up the status of the college. However, when Edward IV deposed Henry VI in 1461, the new king withdrew the college’s generous finances, and it fell onto wealthy patrons to support the school. Today, Eton College is an English independent boarding school for boys and one of the most expensive schools in the UK.

Canaletto

Giovanni Antonio Canal, better known as Canaletto, was an Italian painter of city views of Venice, Rome, and London. From 1746 to 1756, he worked in England, where he created many paintings of the sights of London. He was highly successful in England. He became famous thanks to the British merchant and connoisseur Joseph Smith, who eventually sold his extensive collection of Canaletto’s paintings to King George III in 1762. During the 18th-century, as European monarchs competed for his grandest pictures, Canaletto’s paintings became highly prized.

Many of Canaletto’s paintings can be found in museums across the world, depict highly detailed, usually large-scale paintings of Venetian other famous cityscapes or vistas.

Eton College

  • Title:                        Eton College
  • Artist:                      Canaletto
  • Year:                        1746-54
  • Medium:                 Oil on canvas
  • Dimensions            H: 62 cm (24.4 in); W: 108 cm (42.5 in)
  • Museum:                The National Gallery, London

Canaletto

A Tour of the National Gallery

13th Century Paintings

14th Century Paintings

15th Century Paintings

16th Century Paintings

17th Century Paintings

18th Century Paintings

19th Century Paintings

20th Century Paintings

Explore The National Gallery

Reflections

  • Have you seen a Canaletto at your local art museum?
  • Which is your favorite Canaletto?

~~~

“Probably the battle of Waterloo was won on the playing-fields of Eton,
but the opening battles of all subsequent wars have been lost there.”

– George Orwell

~~~


Photo Credits: 1) Canaletto [Public domain or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

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