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“The Battle of San Romano” by Paolo Uccello (The National Gallery, London)

San Romano Battle (Paolo Uccello, London) 01

“The Battle of San Romano” by Paolo Uccello

“The Battle of San Romano” by Paolo Uccello is a set of three paintings depicting events that took place at a battle between Florentine and Sienese forces in 1432. This painting is exhibited at the National Gallery, London, and the other two companion paintings are shown at the Galleria Uffizi, Florence, and the Musée du Louvre, Paris. The three pictures were designed to be hung high on three different walls in one large room, and the perspective was created for that purpose, which accounts for anomalies in the perspective when viewed at standard gallery height.

In this painting, Niccolò da Tolentino, with his large gold and red patterned hat, is seen leading the Florentine cavalry. He had a reputation for recklessness, though he sent two messengers depicted center top to tell his allied army to hurry to his aid as he was facing a superior force. In the foreground, broken lances and a dead soldier are aligned to create perspective. The painted perspective is similar to that of a tapestry. The landscape rises in a picture rather than receding into the background. The illusion of a backdrop resembles a stage, and war is depicted as a theatrical event.

The painting incorporates gold leaf in the decorations of the harnesses, which has remained bright. The silver leaf, used on the armor of the soldiers, which has oxidized to a dull grey or black. The original impression of the burnished silver would have been dazzling. All of the paintings have suffered from age and prior restorations.

Paolo Uccello was an Italian painter notable for his pioneering work on visual perspective in art. Uccello was obsessed with perspective and worked hard to create the perfect vanishing point. He used perspective to create a feeling of depth in his paintings. Working in the Late Gothic tradition, he emphasized color and spectacle rather than classical realism.

The Battle of San Romano

  • Title:            The Battle of San Romano
  • Artist:          Paolo Uccello
  • Created:      1438-40
  • Medium:     Tempera on panel
  • Dimensions:182 × 317 cm
  • Museum:     The National Gallery, London

Paolo Uccello

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  • How do you feel about war depicted as a theatrical event in art?
  • Uccello was obsessed with perspective. Did he get close with this painting?
  • Painted and hung as if it was a tapestry, was this painted because it was cheaper to paint than create a tapestry?


“Art is never finished, only abandoned.”
– Leonardo da Vinci


Photo Credit 1) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons