“The Origin of the Milky Way” by Tintoretto
“The Origin of the Milky Way” by Tintoretto depicts the myth about the infant Heracles who was brought to the Greek goddess Hera to be nursed as an infant. In the ancient Greek version of the tale, Hera nursed Heracles out of pity, but he suckled so strongly that in pain Hera pushed him away and her milk sprayed across the heavens and there formed the Milky Way. Fortunately for Heracles, he acquired supernatural powers with the divine milk. In the Roman version of the myth, the Roman god Jupiter wished to immortalise his infant son Hercules, whose mother was a mortal, so he held Hercules to the breasts of the sleeping, and unaware Roman goddess Juno and her milk spurted upwards to form the Milky Way.
Tintoretto’s source for this story was from a Byzantine botanical text-book which related how the milk which spurted upwards to form the Milky Way, while some fell downwards giving rise to lilies. Lilies were once part of the base of the painting until that piece of the original canvas was cut off.
Hera is the goddess of women, family and childbirth in ancient Greek religion and myth, one of the Twelve Olympians and wife of Zeus. One of Hera’s defining characteristics is her jealous and vengeful nature against Zeus’ numerous lovers and illegitimate offspring. The Roman equivalent of Hera is Juno, who similarly was the wife of Jupiter the Roman equivalent of Zeus.
Hercules is a Roman hero and god. He was the equivalent of the Greek hero Heracles, who was the son of Zeus and a mortal. The Romans adopted the Greek hero’s myths for their literature and art, and in later Western art and literature Hercules became a multifaceted figure with different characteristics for artists to explore.
Tintoretto was an Italian painter whose speed in painting, and the boldness of his brushwork he was referred to as Il Furioso by contemporaries. His work is characterised by the dramatic and bold use of perspective.
- Why were mythological subjects popular in a Christian Catholic world of the time?
- Has humanity always needed superheroes?
- For most of European history, was this the story of the creation of the Milky Way?
- Why did Greek and Roman Gods cheat with mortal women?
Explore the National Gallery
- “Virgin of the Rocks” by Leonardo da Vinci – 1506
- “The Madonna of the Pinks” by Raphael – 1507
- “The Raising of Lazarus” by Sebastiano del Piombo– 1519
- “Salvator Mundi” by Andrea Previtali – 1519
- “Bacchus and Ariadne” by Titian – 1523
- “The Ambassadors” by Hans Holbein the Younger – 1533
- “Mary Magdalene” by Girolamo Savoldo – 1540
- “Saint George and the Dragon” by Tintoretto – 1558
- “The Family of Darius before Alexander” by Paolo Veronese – 1567
- “Diana and Actaeon” by Titian – 1569
- “The Rape of Europa” by Paolo Veronese – 1570
- “The Death of Actaeon” by Titian – 1575
- “The Origin of the Milky Way” by Tintoretto – 1575
The Origin of the Milky Way
- Title: The Origin of the Milky Way
- Artist: Tintoretto
- Date: 1575
- Materials: oil on canvas
- Dimensions: Height: 149.4 cm (58.8 in); Width: 168 cm (66.1 in)
- Museum: The National Gallery, London
- Artist: Tintoretto
- Birth Name: Jacopo Comin
- Born: 1518 – Venice, Republic of Venice, Italy
- Died: 1594 (aged 75) – Venice, Venetian Republic, Italy
- Nationality: Italian
- Movement: Renaissance, Mannerism
- Notable Works:
“The saint who works no miracles isn’t glorified.”
– Greek Proverb
Photo Credit: 1) Tintoretto [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons