“The Origin of the Milky Way” by Tintoretto
“The Origin of the Milky Way” by Tintoretto depicts the myth about the infant Heracles who was brought to the Greek goddess Hera to be nursed as an infant. In the ancient Greek version of the tale, Hera nursed Heracles out of pity, but he suckled so strongly that in pain, Hera pushed him away, and her milk sprayed across the heavens, and there formed the Milky Way.
Fortunately for Heracles, he acquired supernatural powers with the divine milk. In the Roman version of the myth, the Roman god Jupiter wished to immortalize his infant son Hercules, whose mother was a mortal. To give him immortally, Jupiter held Hercules to the breasts of the sleeping and unaware Roman goddess Juno and her milk spurted upwards to form the Milky Way.
Tintoretto’s source for this story was from a Byzantine botanical text-book which related how the milk which spurted upwards to form the Milky Way, while some fell downwards, giving rise to lilies. Lilies were once part of the base of the painting until that piece of the original canvas was cut off.
Hera is the goddess of women, family, and childbirth in ancient Greek religion and myth, one of the Twelve Olympians and wife of Zeus. One of Hera’s defining characteristics is her jealous and vengeful nature against Zeus’ numerous lovers and illegitimate offspring. The Roman equivalent of Hera is Juno, who similarly was the wife of Jupiter, the Roman equivalent of Zeus.
Hercules is a Roman hero and god. He was the equivalent of the Greek hero Heracles, who was the son of Zeus and a mortal. The Romans adopted the Greek hero’s myths for their literature and art. In later Western art and literature, Hercules became a multifaceted figure with different characteristics for artists to explore.
Tintoretto was an Italian painter whose speed in painting, and the boldness of his brushwork he was referred to as Il Furioso by contemporaries. His work is characterized by the dramatic and bold use of perspective.
The Milky Way is the galaxy that contains our Solar System. The name of our Galaxy describes its appearance from Earth. It looks like a hazy band of light seen in the night sky formed from stars that cannot be individually distinguished by the naked eye.
The term Milky Way is a translation of the Latin from the Greek “milky circle.” From Earth, the Milky Way appears as a band because its disk-shaped structure is the view from planet earth.
Galileo Galilei first resolved the band of light into individual stars with his telescope in 1610. Until the early 1920s, most astronomers thought that the Milky Way contained all the stars in the Universe.
Observations by Edwin Hubble showed that the Milky Way is just one of many galaxies. The Milky Way is a spiral galaxy with a diameter between 150,000 and 200,000 light-years. It is estimated to contain 100–400 billion stars and more than 100 billion planets.
Milky Way Mythology
In Greek mythology, the Milky Way was formed after Hermes suckled the infant Heracles at the breast of Hera, while she was asleep. When Hera awoke, she tore Heracles away from her breast and splattered her breast milk across the heavens.
In another version of the story, Athena, the patron goddess of heroes, tricked Hera into suckling Heracles voluntarily. Still, he bit her nipple so hard that she flung him away, spraying milk everywhere.
The Origin of the Milky Way
- Title: The Origin of the Milky Way
- Artist: Tintoretto
- Date: 1575
- Materials: oil on canvas
- Dimensions: Height: 149.4 cm (58.8 in); Width: 168 cm (66.1 in)
- Museum: The National Gallery, London
- Artist: Tintoretto
- Birth Name: Jacopo Comin
- Born: 1518 – Venice, Republic of Venice, Italy
- Died: 1594 (aged 75) – Venice, Venetian Republic, Italy
- Nationality: Italian
- Movement: Renaissance, Mannerism
- Notable Works:
Explore The National Gallery
13th Century Paintings
- “The Virgin and Child Enthroned, with Narrative Scenes” by Margarito d’Arezzo – 1264
- “The Virgin and Child” by Master of the Clarisse – 1268
- “Crucifix” by Master of Saint Francis – 1270
14th Century Paintings
- Wilton Diptych – 1395
- “The Annunciation” by Duccio – 1311
- “The Healing of the Man Born Blind” by Duccio – 1311
15th Century Paintings
- “Arnolfini Portrait” by Jan van Eyck – 1434
- “The Battle of San Romano” by Paolo Uccello– 1440
- “Venus and Mars” by Sandro Botticelli – 1483
- “Portrait of Doge Leonardo Loredan” by Giovanni Bellini– 1501
16th Century Paintings
- “Mystic Nativity” by Sandro Botticelli – 1550
- “Virgin of the Rocks” by Leonardo da Vinci – 1506
- “The Madonna of the Pinks” by Raphael – 1507
- “The Raising of Lazarus” by Sebastiano del Piombo– 1519
- “Salvator Mundi” by Andrea Previtali – 1519
- “Bacchus and Ariadne” by Titian – 1523
- “The Ambassadors” by Hans Holbein the Younger – 1533
- “Mary Magdalene” by Girolamo Savoldo – 1540
- “Saint George and the Dragon” by Tintoretto – 1558
- “The Family of Darius before Alexander” by Paolo Veronese – 1567
- “Diana and Actaeon” by Titian – 1569
- “The Rape of Europa” by Paolo Veronese – 1570
- “The Death of Actaeon” by Titian – 1575
- “The Origin of the Milky Way” by Tintoretto – 1575
17th Century Paintings
- “Supper at Emmaus” by Caravaggio – 1601
- “Samson and Delilah” by Peter Paul Rubens – 1610
- “Christ in the House of Martha and Mary” by Diego Velázquez – 1618
- “The Judgement of Paris” by Peter Paul Rubens – 1635
- “Aurora abducting Cephalus” by Peter Paul Rubens – 1637
- “Equestrian Portrait of Charles I” by Anthony van Dyck – 1638
- “Venus at her Mirror” by Diego Velázquez – 1651
- “The Courtyard of a House in Delft” by Pieter de Hooch – 1658
- “Self Portrait at the Age of 63″ by Rembrandt – 1669
- “A Young Woman standing at a Virginal” by Johannes Vermeer – 1670
18th Century Paintings
- “Bacchus and Ariadne” by Sebastiano Ricci – 1713
- “A Regatta on the Grand Canal” by Canaletto – 1740
- “Mr. and Mrs. Andrews” by Thomas Gainsborough – 1749
- “Eton College” by Canaletto – 1754
- “An Experiment on a Bird in the Air Pump” by Joseph Wright of Derby – 1768
- “Self-portrait in a Straw Hat” by Louise Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun – 1782
19th Century Paintings
- “Portrait of Doña Isabel de Porcel” by Francisco Goya – 1805
- “The Emperor Napoleon I” by Horace Vernet – 1815
- “Dido Building Carthage” by J. M. W. Turner – 1815
- “Salisbury Cathedral from the Meadows” by John Constable – 1831
- “The Execution of Lady Jane Grey” by Paul Delaroche – 1833
- “The Fighting Temeraire” by Joseph Mallord William Turner – 1839
- “Rain, Steam, and Speed – The Great Western Railway” by J. M. W. Turner – 1844
- “Cimabue’s Celebrated Madonna is carried in Procession through the Streets of Florence” by Frederic Leighton – 1855
- “Madame Moitessier” by Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres– 1856
- “The Gare St-Lazare” by Claude Monet – 1877
- “Bathers at Asnières” by Georges Seurat – 1884
- “Sunflowers” by Vincent van Gogh – 1888
- “Tiger in a Tropical Storm” by Henri Rousseau – 1891
- “After the Bath, Woman Drying Herself” by Edgar Degas – 1895
- “Boulevard Montmartre at Night” by Camille Pissarro – 1898
20th Century Paintings
- “Misia Sert” by Pierre-Auguste Renoir – 1904
- “Portrait of Hermine Gallia” by Gustav Klimt – 1904
- Bathers (Les Grandes Baigneuses) by Paul Cézanne – 1905
- “Men of the Docks” by George Bellows – 1912
- “Water-Lilies” by Claude Monet (National Gallery, London) – 1916
Explore The National Gallery
- The National Gallery
- Masterpieces of The National Gallery
- The National Gallery, London – Crossword Puzzles
- Why were mythological subjects popular in a Christian Catholic world of the time?
- Has humanity always needed superheroes?
- For most of European history, was this the story of the creation of the Milky Way?
- Why did Greek and Roman Gods cheat with mortal women?
“In less than a hundred years, we have found a new way to think of ourselves. From sitting at the center of the universe, we now find ourselves orbiting an average-sized sun, which is just one of the millions of stars in our own Milky Way galaxy.”
– Stephen Hawking
Photo Credit: 1) Tintoretto [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons