“The Courtyard of a House in Delft” by Pieter de Hooch
“The Courtyard of a House in Delft” by Pieter de Hooch portrays domestic architecture typical of De Hooch’s and Vermeer’s Delft, with building, courtyard, and people engaged in everyday activities.
To the left, an archway entrance of brick and stone leads from a paved patio to a passageway through a house, where a woman dressed formally in black and red stands looking away to the street beyond.
To the right is a vine growing over a wooden structure. There is an open door through the brick wall to the far right, and a woman leading a child down steps to the courtyard.
This painting is divided into two halves. There are subtle effects that are at variance with the overall impression of harmony in the composition.
The brickwork of the wall on the right is dilapidated compared to the house on the left. The scene on the right is more chaotic and messy than the left half.
Nature is invading the courtyard on the right with the plant border, the shrubs above the woman and child. The woman on the left looks more formally dressed and is not engaged in meaningful work as she looks to the outside world.
The woman on the right seems to be a servant as she holds a dish in her hand. There is also a bucket, and a broom has been left in the courtyard. She leads the young child back into the house.
Perhaps the moral of the story is in stone tablet above the doorway, which was initially over the entrance of a Cloister in Delft.
The Cloister was suppressed, and this tablet was removed but set into the wall of this garden. The tablet reads:
“This is in Saint Jerome’s dale
please be patient and meek
for we must first descend
if we wish to be raised.
The painting is signed and dated to the left on the archway with “P.D.H. / A 1658”.
Delft School of Painting
The Delft School of Painting is a category of mid-17th-century Dutch Golden Age painting named after its home base, Delft.
It is best known for images of domestic life, views of households, church interiors, courtyards, squares and the streets of that city.
The Delft School of the Painting was made famous by Pieter de Hooch and Johannes Vermeer.
Besides the genres most closely associated with Delft painters, artists in the city continued to produce still life and history paintings, portraits for patrons and decorative pieces of art that reflected the general tendencies in Dutch art of the period.
Pieter de Hooch
Pieter de Hooch (1629 – 1684) was a Dutch Golden Age painter famous for his works of domestic scenes with an open doorway. He was a contemporary of Jan Vermeer in the Delft Guild of St. Luke, with whom his work shares similar themes and styles.
De Hooch was born in Rotterdam, but little is known of his early life. De Hooch learned to paint from painting instructors who were early members of the Delft School.
He became a member of the painters’ guild of Saint Luke in 1655, two years after Vermeer.
The early work of de Hooch was mostly composed of scenes of soldiers and peasants in stables and taverns, during which time he developed skill in light, color, and perspective.
After starting his family in the mid-1650s, he switched his focus to domestic scenes. These paintings were most possibly of his own family.
His work showed close observation of the details of everyday life while also functioning as morality tales. In the 1660s, he began to paint for wealthier patrons in Amsterdam and is known for merry company scenes and family portraits in opulent interiors.
In his final years, it appears that his distress following the death of his wife caused de Hooch’s painting style to became coarser and darker in color. He died in an asylum in 1684.
The Courtyard of a House in Delft
- Title: The Courtyard of a House in Delft
- Artist: Pieter de Hooch
- Year: 1658
- Medium: Oil on canvas
- Dimensions: Height: 73 cm (28.7 ″); Width: 60 cm (23.6 ″)
- Museum: National Gallery, London
Pieter de Hooch
- Artist: Pieter de Hooch
- Born: 1629, Rotterdam
- Died: 1684 (aged 54)
- Nationality: Dutch
- Movement: Dutch Golden Age, Baroque
Pieter de Hooch (1629-1684) paintings
A Tour of the National Gallery, London
16th Century Paintings
- “Mystic Nativity” by Sandro Botticelli – 1550
- “Virgin of the Rocks” by Leonardo da Vinci – 1506
- “The Madonna of the Pinks” by Raphael – 1507
- “The Raising of Lazarus” by Sebastiano del Piombo– 1519
- “Salvator Mundi” by Andrea Previtali – 1519
- “Bacchus and Ariadne” by Titian – 1523
- “The Ambassadors” by Hans Holbein the Younger – 1533
- “Mary Magdalene” by Girolamo Savoldo – 1540
- “Saint George and the Dragon” by Tintoretto – 1558
- “The Family of Darius before Alexander” by Paolo Veronese – 1567
- “Diana and Actaeon” by Titian – 1569
- “The Rape of Europa” by Paolo Veronese – 1570
- “The Death of Actaeon” by Titian – 1575
- “The Origin of the Milky Way” by Tintoretto – 1575
17th Century Paintings
- “Supper at Emmaus” by Caravaggio – 1601
- “Samson and Delilah” by Peter Paul Rubens – 1610
- “Christ in the House of Martha and Mary” by Diego Velázquez – 1618
- “The Judgement of Paris” by Peter Paul Rubens – 1635
- “Aurora abducting Cephalus” by Peter Paul Rubens – 1637
- “Equestrian Portrait of Charles I” by Anthony van Dyck – 1638
- “Venus at her Mirror” by Diego Velázquez – 1651
- “The Courtyard of a House in Delft” by Pieter de Hooch – 1658
- “Self Portrait at the Age of 63” by Rembrandt – 1669
- “A Young Woman standing at a Virginal” by Johannes Vermeer – 1670
18th Century Paintings
- “Bacchus and Ariadne” by Sebastiano Ricci – 1713
- “A Regatta on the Grand Canal” by Canaletto – 1740
- “Mr. and Mrs. Andrews” by Thomas Gainsborough – 1749
- “Eton College” by Canaletto – 1754
- “An Experiment on a Bird in the Air Pump” by Joseph Wright of Derby – 1768
- “Self-portrait in a Straw Hat” by Louise Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun – 1782
19th Century Paintings
- “Portrait of Doña Isabel de Porcel” by Francisco Goya – 1805
- “The Emperor Napoleon I” by Horace Vernet – 1815
- “Dido Building Carthage” by J. M. W. Turner – 1815
- “Salisbury Cathedral from the Meadows” by John Constable – 1831
- “The Execution of Lady Jane Grey” by Paul Delaroche – 1833
- “The Fighting Temeraire” by Joseph Mallord William Turner – 1839
- “Rain, Steam, and Speed – The Great Western Railway” by J. M. W. Turner – 1844
- “Cimabue’s Celebrated Madonna is carried in Procession through the Streets of Florence” by Frederic Leighton – 1855
- “Madame Moitessier” by Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres– 1856
- “The Gare St-Lazare” by Claude Monet – 1877
- “Bathers at Asnières” by Georges Seurat – 1884
- “Sunflowers” by Vincent van Gogh – 1888
- “Tiger in a Tropical Storm” by Henri Rousseau – 1891
- “After the Bath, Woman Drying Herself” by Edgar Degas – 1895
- “Boulevard Montmartre at Night” by Camille Pissarro – 1898
Pieter de Hooch
“God made Earth, the Dutch made Holland.”
– Dutch Proverb
Photo Credit: 1) Pieter de Hooch [Public domain]