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Joy of Museums

Museums, Art Galleries and Historical Sites

Tower of London

Tower of London - Joy of Museums

Tower of London

The Tower of London is a historic castle located on the north bank of the River Thames in central London. It lies at the eastern edge of the square mile of the City of London by the open space known as Tower Hill. It was founded towards the end of 1066 as part of the Norman Conquest of England. The White Tower, which gives the entire castle its name, was built by William the Conqueror in 1078.

A grand palace early in its history, it served as a royal residence. As a whole, the Tower is a complex of several buildings set within two concentric rings of defensive walls and a moat. There were several phases of expansion, mainly under Kings Richard I, Henry III, and Edward I in the 12th and 13th centuries. The layout established by the late 13th century remains despite later activity on the site.

Highlights of the Tower of London

  • White Tower
  • Inner ward
  • Imperial State Crown
  • Royal Menagerie

Tower of London

  • Site:              Tower of London
  • Title:              Her Majesty’s Royal Palace and Fortress of the Tower of London
  • City:              London
  • Country:       United Kingdom
  • Type:            Historical Site
  • Built:            White Tower: 1078
    • Inner Ward: 1190s
    • Re-built: 1285
    • Wharf expansion: 1377–1399
  • Area:            Castle: 12 acres (4.9 ha); Tower Liberties: 6 acres (2.4 ha)
  • Height:         27 metres (89 ft)
  • Location:      London Borough of Tower Hamlets, London, UK

Explore London’s Museums and Heritage Sites

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“The world is full of magical things patiently waiting for our wits to grow sharper.”
– Bertrand Russell

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Photo Credit: JOM

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