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“Nighthawks” by Edward Hopper

Nighthawks by Edward Hopper 1942

“Nighthawks” by Edward Hopper

Nighthawks by Edward Hopper depicts people in a downtown diner late at night. It is Hopper’s most famous painting and one of the most recognisable pictures in American art. The scene was inspired by a diner in Greenwich Village near Hopper’s neighbourhood in Manhattan, which has since been demolished. Hopper said that a restaurant on Greenwich Avenue suggested the painting. He also stated that “I simplified the scene a great deal and made the restaurant bigger.”

Hopper and his wife Josephine kept a journal, and his wives notes indicate the possibility that the painting’s title may have had its origins as a reference to the beak-shaped nose of the man at the bar. Hopper’s “A Journal of His Work” at the Whitney Museum of American Art, states:

“Night + brilliant interior of cheap restaurant. Bright items: cherry wood counter + tops of surrounding stools; light on metal tanks at rear right; brilliant streak of jade green tiles 3/4 across canvas–at base of glass of window curving at corner. Light walls, dull yellow ochre door into kitchen right.

Very good looking blond boy in white (coat, cap) inside counter. Girl in red blouse, brown hair eating sandwich. Man night hawk (beak) in dark suit, steel grey hat, black band, blue shirt (clean) holding cigarette. Other figure dark sinister back–at left. Light sidewalk outside pale greenish. Darkish red brick houses opposite. Sign across top of restaurant, dark–Phillies 5c cigar. Picture of cigar. Outside of shop dark, green. Note: bit of bright ceiling inside shop against dark of outside street–at edge of stretch of top of window.”

Nighthawks is so widely recognised, and the diner scene in Nighthawks has served as the model for homage and parodies in numerous art forms such as painting, sculpture, literature, film and music. For example, Nighthawks influenced the film “Blade Runner”. The director Ridley Scott used this painting to illustrate the look and mood he wanted for his film.



  • Why is this one of the most recognizable paintings in U.S. art?
  • Why are there so many homages and parodies to this painting?


  • Title:                  Nighthawks
  • Artist:                Edward Hopper
  • Year:                  1942
  • Medium:            Oil on canvas
  • Dimensions:       84.1 cm × 152.4 cm ( 33 1⁄8 in × 60 in)
  • Museum:           Art Institute of Chicago

Edward Hopper

  • Name:            Edward Hopper
  • Born:              1882 – Upper Nyack, New York, United States
  • Died:              1967 (aged 84) – Manhattan, New York, United States
  • Nationality:    American


“If you could say it in words there would be no reason to paint.”
– Edward Hopper


Photo Credit: Edward Hopper [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons