“Chicago Picasso” by Pablo Picasso
“Chicago Picasso” by Pablo Picasso is an untitled monumental Cubist sculpture in Chicago, USA. The sculpture was dedicated in 1967, in Daley Plaza in the Chicago Loop.
Publicly accessible, it is known for its inviting and interactive characteristics, with visitors often climbing on and sliding down the base of the sculpture.
Picasso completed a maquette of the sculpture in 1965, and when Picasso was offered payment, he refused, stating that he wanted to make his work a gift to the people of the city.
The sculpture was fabricated using weathering steel. Weathering steel, or corten steel is a steel alloy which was developed to eliminate the need for painting and form a stable rust-like appearance after several years’ exposure to weather.
The steel for this statue was rolled on the then-largest rolling mill in the world.
The sculpture was initially met with controversy. To popularize the sculpture, the City of Chicago publicize the sculpture by staging several press events before the sculpture was completed, and displaying the maquette without a copyright notice.
This action was cited as evidence in a 1970 U.S. District Court case where the judge ruled that the city’s efforts had resulted in the sculpture being dedicated to the public domain.
There was also speculation on the subject of the sculpture, which has ranged from a bird, or aardvark to Picasso’s pet Afghan Hound, a baboon head, or the Egyptian deity Anubis.
Royko credited Picasso with understanding the soul of Chicago.
“Its eyes are like the eyes of every slum owner who made a buck off the small and weak. And of every building inspector who took a wad from a slum owner to make it all possible.”
Although Picasso never explained what the sculpture was intended to represent, some see it as an abstract replica of an Afghan Hound dog that Picasso knew well.
Today, the Chicago Picasso has become a well-known meeting spot for Chicagoans. There are musical performances, markets, and other events that are held around the Picasso statue in front of Daley Plaza.
A Marquette is a scale model of an unfinished sculpture. A maquette is used to visualize and test forms and ideas without incurring the expense and effort of producing a full-scale piece.
For commissioned works, especially monumental public sculptures, like the “Chicago Picasso” a maquette is used to show how the finished work will relate to its proposed site.
Some museums, such as the Museo dei Bozzetti in Pietrasanta, Italy, specializing in collections of maquettes. The Maquette for the “Chicago Picasso” is on display at the Art Institute of Chicago.
Maquette is based on the French word for scale model, sometimes referred to by the Italian names plastico or modello. An equivalent term is bozzetto, from the Italian word for “sketch.”
Pablo Picasso (1881 – 1973) was a painter, sculptor, printmaker, and ceramicist who spent most of his adult life in France.
Regarded as one of the most influential artists of the 20th century, he demonstrated extraordinary artistic talent in his early years, painting in a naturalistic manner through his childhood and adolescence.
During the first decade of the 20th century, his style changed as he experimented with different theories, techniques, and ideas. After 1906, Fauvist works motivated Picasso to explore more radical styles. Picasso’s work is often categorized into periods.
The most commonly accepted periods in his work are:
- Blue Period (1901–1904)
- Rose Period (1904–1906)
- African-influenced Period (1907–1909)
- Analytic Cubism (1909–1912)
- Synthetic Cubism or Crystal (1912–1919)
Much of Picasso’s work of the early 1920s is in a neoclassical style, and his work in the mid-1920s often has characteristics of Surrealism. His later work often combines elements of his previous forms.
Exceptionally prolific, Picasso achieved universal renown and immense fortune for his revolutionary artistic accomplishments and became one of the best-known figures in 20th-century art.
- Title: Chicago Picasso
- Artist: Pablo Picasso
- Created: 1965, maquette of the sculpture
- Medium: Corten steel
- Dimensions: 50 feet (15.2 m) tall and weighs 162 short tons (147 t)
- Type: Public Sculpture
- Location: Daley Plaza, Chicago
- City: Chicago
- Name: Pablo Ruiz Picasso
- Born: 1881, Málaga, Spain
- Died: 1973 (aged 91), Mougins, France
- Movement: Cubism, Surrealism
- Notable Works
- Art Institute of Chicago
- Chicago History Museum
- Field Museum of Natural History
- Museum of Science and Industry
- Driehaus Museum
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The Chicago Picasso: 50th Anniversary
Chicago Landmarks: Chicago Picasso
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“Inspiration does exist, but it must find you working.”
– Pablo Picasso
Photo Credit 1) JeremyA / CC BY-SA CreativeCommons; Sailko / Public domain; Caitriana Nicholson from 北京 ~ Beijing, 中国 ~ China / CC BY-SA CreativeCommons.