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“The Orange Trees” by Gustave Caillebotte

Gustave Caillebotte - The Orange Trees - Google Art Project

“The Orange Trees” by Gustave Caillebotte portrays Caillebotte’s brother Martial reading in the shade of the orange trees. Their cousin, Zoé, is standing at one of the garden planters, which contain the trees. The poses of  both suggest that they are each enjoying the afternoon quietly with their private thoughts.  The sunlight illuminates a circular flower bed surrounded by a curving path, at the edge of which is a sleeping dog.

Caillebotte has composed a sharp contrast between the shady foreground in the lower part of the image and the bright background. The shadows are painted in muted greens and purples, while the lawn and flower beds are brilliant greens, reds and whites. Caillebotte painted this canvas en plein air at the family’s country estate in Yerres. Impressionist painters were known for painting outdoors, however large canvases such as this, painted outdoors, were uncommon due to the difficulties in creating such a large work quickly, before the light changed.

Caillebotte was a friend of many of the impressionist painters and this painting is part of that tradition, however it differs in its realism and reliance on line rather than broad brush strokes. It also reflects Caillebotte’s interest in photography. The figure of Zoé in the background appears out of focus, while the chairs in the foeground are in sharper focus. The cropping of the orange tree, further suggests the influence of photography.


Essential Facts:

  • Title:                         The Orange Trees
  • French:                    Les Orangers
  • Artist:                       Gustave Caillebotte
  • Year:                         1878
  • Medium:                  Oil on canvas
  • Dimensions             Height: 1,549.4 mm (61 in). Width: 1,168.4 mm (46 in).
  • Museum:                  Museum of Fine Arts, Houston

Artist Essential Facts:

  • Name:                   Gustave Caillebotte
  • Born:                     1848 – Paris, France
  • Died:                      1894 (aged 45) – Gennevilliers, France
  • Nationality:          French
  • Movement:           Realism, Impressionism
  • Notable works:
    • Portrait de l’artiste (Self-portrait). c. 1892. Musée d’Orsay, Paris.
    • Les raboteurs de parquet, 1875, Musée d’Orsay
    • Paris Street, Rainy Day, 1877, Art Institute of Chicago
    • Voiliers à Argenteuil, 1888, Musée d’Orsay, Paris
    • Yellow Roses in a Vase, 1882, Dallas Museum of Art


“Of course one should not drink much, but often.” Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec



Photo Credit: 1)Gustave Caillebotte [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons