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Joy of Museums

Museums, Art Galleries and Historical Sites

John Singer Sargent Paintings at the Brooklyn Museum

John Singer Sargent Paintings at the Brooklyn Museum

John Singer Sargent Paintings

at the Brooklyn Museum

The Brooklyn Museum has a good collection of John Singer Sargent Paintings. John Singer Sargent (1856 – 1925) was an American expatriate artist, who created about 900 oil paintings and more than 2,000 watercolours, as well as countless sketches and charcoal drawings. His body of work documents worldwide travels, from Venice to the Tyrol, Corfu, the Middle East, Montana, Maine, and Florida.

Explore John Singer Sargent Paintings at the Brooklyn Museum

  • The Middle East and North Africa (1905 – 1906)
    • Bedouin Camp
    • Arab Gypsies in a Tent
    • Goatherds
  • Venice (1903-1904)
    • The Bridge of Sighs
    • La Riva

Bedouin Camp

Sargent made extensive tours to the Middle East and North Africa where he painted many Bedouin scenes. In Bedouin Camp, Sargent used undiluted watercolours straight from the tube. He also bulked colours with the addition of white zinc paint as can be seen in the buildup and cracking of paint in the face and turban of the squatting Bedouin at the lower right.

The Bedouin are a grouping of nomadic Arab people who have historically inhabited the desert regions in North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, Iraq and the Levant. The English word bedouin comes from the Arabic word for “desert dweller”. Their traditions include the Bedouin tents depicted in this painting.

In the late 19th century, many Bedouin began the transition to a semi-nomadic lifestyle. One of the factors was the influence of the Ottoman empire authorities who viewed the Bedouin as a threat to the state’s control. A little after ten years from this painting some of the Bedouin clans fought with the Turks against the British, but later, with T. E. Lawrence’s aid, the Bedouins switched side and fought the Turks during World War I. This painting captures the image many Westerners associate with the Bedouins who fought against the Ottomans.

“Bedouin Camp” by John Singer Sargent

  • Title:                Bedouin Camp
  • Artist:              John Singer Sargent
  • Year:                1905 – 1906
  • Medium:         watercolour, paper
  • Dimensions:    10 x 14 1/16 in. (25.4 x 35.7 cm)
  • Museum:         Brooklyn Museum

~~~

Arab Gypsies in a Tent

John Singer Sargent Paintings at the Brooklyn Museum

With his Bedouin series, Sargent used the expressive power of the robed figures animated by sharp piercing light. He used the tents as a background framework to focus on the composition. In this watercolour of “Arab Gypsies in a Tent” features a hooded Gypsy, whose hands are brilliantly portrayed over the round shape of a tray.

In art history, Orientalism is the depiction usually done by artists from the West depicting subjects of “the Middle East”. Art historians tend to classify two broad types of Orientalist artist: the realists who carefully painted what they observed and those who imagined Orientalist scenes without ever leaving the studio. These Sargent watercolours are romanticised orientalist narratives made during his travels to the Middle East and North Africa during 1905 – 1906.

“Arab Gypsies in a Tent” by John Singer Sargent

  • Title:                 Arab Gypsies in a Tent
  • Artist:               John Singer Sargent
  • Year:                1905 – 1906
  • Medium:          watercolour, paper
  • Dimensions:     Height: 30.5 cm (12 ″); Width: 45.7 cm (17.9 ″)
  • Museum:         Brooklyn Museum

~~~

Goatherds

John Singer Sargent Paintings at the Brooklyn Museum

“Goatherds” was completed nearby Mount Tabor and the Plain of Esdraelon and goatherds with their herd. Sargent visited the region of the Sea of Galilee, in Syria researching for his plan to execute a painting of the Sermon on the Mount for the Boston Public Library mural cycle. This depiction was rendered in a palette to reflect the bright outside light compared to that of the Bedouin subjects in their tents.

“Goatherds” by John Singer Sargent

  • Title:                 Goatherds
  • Artist:               John Singer Sargent
  • Year:                1905 – 1906
  • Medium:          Opaque watercolour and transparent watercolour on heavy white paper
  • Dimensions:    Height: 25.4 cm (10 ″); Width: 35.6 cm (14 ″)
  • Museum:         Brooklyn Museum

~~~

The Bridge of Sighs

John Singer Sargent Paintings at the Brooklyn Museum

The Bridge of Sighs depicts a bridge located in Venice, Italy. The enclosed bridge is made of white limestone, has windows with stone bars, passes over the Rio di Palazzo, and connects the New Prison to the interrogation rooms in the Doge’s Palace. It was built in 1600 and was named by Lord Byron in the 19th century based on the suggestion that prisoners would sigh at their last view of beautiful Venice through the window before being taken down to their cells.

In this beautiful watercolour, we can see Sargent’s use of multiple techniques to create light and highlights in his works:

  • Creating light by not colouring the white paper that forms the top of the arch.
  • The line of blue pigment indicates where the wet paint of the sky met the dry white paper.
  • The application of white impasto used to depict the gondoliers and the umbrellas of the passengers in the boat.
  • Subtle highlights created by dry scraping in the tan building.
  • The removal of wet paint in the sky above the arch.

“The Bridge of Sighs” by John Singer Sargent

  • Title:                The Bridge of Sighs
  • Artist:               John Singer Sargent
  • Year:                 1903-1904
  • Medium:        Translucent and opaque watercolour with graphite and red-pigmented underdrawing
  • Dimensions:  10 x 14in. (25.4 x 35.6cm)
  • Museum:         Brooklyn Museum

~~~

La Riva

John Singer Sargent Paintings at the Brooklyn Museum

John Singer Sargent created hundreds of watercolours of Venice, and they are especially notable when done from the perspective of a gondola as this depiction has been made. His colours were vivid and conveyed the feeling of a dream. During Sargent’s long career, every destination offered pictorial stimulation and treasure. Even on his holidays and travels, he painted with restless intensity, often painting from morning until night.

La Riva captures the spirit of Venice with Doge’s Palace on the left and the Palazzo Delle Prigionii on the right connect with the Ponte della Paglia bridge. The gondolas dominate the foreground with Sargent’s perspective is from a gondola on the Grand Canal. Venice has a rich and diverse architectural style, the most prominent of which is the Gothic style. Venetian Gothic architecture is a term given to a Venetian building style combining the Gothic lancet arch with the curved ogee arch, due to Byzantine and Ottoman influences. The city also has several Renaissance and Baroque buildings.

“La Riva” by John Singer Sargent

  • Title:                La Riva
  • Artist:               John Singer Sargent
  • Year:                1903-1904
  • Medium:          Opaque and translucent watercolour with graphite underdrawing
  • Dimensions:    14 x 20 1/16 in. (35.6 x 50.9 cm)
  • Museum:         Brooklyn Museum

~~~

John Singer Sargent

John Singer Sargent is considered one of the leading portrait painters and is known for his evocations of the luxury of his era. He created over 900 oil paintings and more than 2,000 watercolours, as well as many sketches and drawings. He also travelled extensively across Europe, the Middle East and the United States. Many of John Singer Sargent portraits which can be found in museums across the world, depict society’s leading lights and the opulence of their time.

Exploring John Singer Sargent

Reflections

  • Why did Sargent reserve impressionism to his informal works and not his grand portraits?
  • Which is your favourite John Singer Sargent painting from the Brooklyn Museum?

John Singer Sargent

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“You can’t do sketches enough. Sketch everything and keep your curiosity fresh.”
– John Singer Sargent

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Photo Credit: John Singer Sargent [Public domain]

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