fbpx
Advertisements

Joy of Museums

Museums, Art Galleries and Historical Sites

The MET Cloisters

The Cloisters - Joy of Museums - External

The MET Cloisters

The MET Cloisters is a separate museum in Fort Tryon Park in Washington Heights, Upper Manhattan, New York City. The Cloisters specializes in European medieval architecture, sculpture, and arts, with a focus on the Romanesque and Gothic art and architecture. It has an extensive collection of medieval art-works shown in architectural settings sourced from French monasteries and abbeys. Its buildings are centered around four cloisters which were dismantled in Europe between 1934 and 1939 and relocated to New York. They became part of the Metropolitan Museum’s Cloisters collection and were reconstructed into the design of this museum built into a hill, comprises of upper and lower levels. The plan, layout, and ambiance of the building are intended to evoke  a sense of the religious and monastic life of medieval European

The Cloisters has medieval gardens and a series of chapels and period rooms and spaces. It holds about five thousand works of art and architecture from Europe, mostly dating from the Byzantine to the early Renaissance periods. The museum’s collection includes sculptures, tapestries, illuminated manuscripts, and paintings.

The Masterpieces of The Cloisters

The MET Cloisters is a separate building located in Fort Tryon Park and dedicated solely to medieval art. The Cloisters building was completed was in 1938 and named The Cloisters on account of the five medieval French cloisters whose salvaged structures were incorporated into the modern construction. Within the Cloisters Museum, there are five thousand objects all related to medieval European works. The collection features items of outstanding beauty and historical importance.

The Cloisters Museum Collection

The Cloisters Museum Collection covered by this book include:

  • Annunciation Triptych (Merode Altarpiece) by Robert Campin
    • Annunciation Triptych by Robert Campin is also known as the Mérode Altarpiece is oil on oak in three panels format. This masterpiece represents from left to right, the donors kneeling in prayer in a garden, the Annunciation to Mary, which is set in a contemporary, domestic setting, and Saint Joseph as a carpenter. The painting contains many religious symbols including the lily symbolizing the purity of Mary, and the Holy Spirit represented by the rays of light and a small white figure with a cross, coming from the left-hand window in the central panel.
  • The Belles Heures of Jean of France, Duke of Berry
    • The “Belles Heures” or “The Beautiful Hours” is a beautifully illuminated manuscript book, containing prayers to be said by the faithful at each canonical hour of the day. The French Duke of Berry (French: Jean, Duc de Berry) commissioned this book in 1409 for his private use. Belle Heures was designed to his wishes and is famous because of its many rich decorations.
  • Palmesel
    • “Palmesel” is the German word for “palm donkey” and refers to the statue of Jesus on a donkey, mounted on a platform with wheels and is used in Palm Sunday processions. Palm Sunday is a Christian feast that falls on the Sunday before Easter. The feast commemorates Jesus’ triumphal entry into Jerusalem, an event mentioned in the four canonical Gospels.

Romanesque Art

Romanesque art is the art of Europe from about 1000 AD to the rise of the Gothic style in roughly the 12th century.  The term was created by art historians, to describe the Romanesque architecture, which retained many essential features of the Roman architectural style.  Notably round-headed arches, barrel vaults, apses, and leafy decoration. In Southern France, Spain and Italy these structures represented continuity with Late Antique. The Romanesque style was the first style to spread across the whole of Catholic Europe whose art was also greatly influenced by Byzantine art.

Romanesque Architecture

Romanesque architecture is an architectural style of medieval Europe characterized by semi-circular arches. The beginning of the Romanesque style ranges from the 6th to the 11th century depending on the region. It combined features of ancient Roman and Byzantine buildings known for their massively thick walls, round arches, sturdy pillars, barrel vaults, massive towers and decorative arcading. In the 12th century, it evolved into the Gothic style, which is marked by pointed arches. Romanesque architecture was the first pan-European architectural style since Imperial Roman architecture. The Romanesque style in England is referred to as Norman architecture.

Gothic architecture

Gothic architecture is an architectural style that flourished in Europe during the High and Late Middle Ages. It evolved from Romanesque architecture and was succeeded by Renaissance architecture. Originating in 12th-century France and lasting into the 16th century, Its characteristics include the pointed arch, the ribbed vault and the flying buttress. Gothic architecture is the architecture of many of the current great cathedrals, abbeys, and churches of Europe.

A series of Gothic revivals began in mid-18th-century England which spread through 19th century Europe and continued, mainly for religious and university structures, into the 20th century.

Gothic Art

Gothic art was a style of medieval art that developed in Northern France out of Romanesque art in the 12th century. It spread to all of Western Europe, and much of Southern and Central Europe. Art in the Gothic period included sculpture, panel paintings, stained glass, frescos, and illuminated manuscripts. The earliest Gothic art was monumental sculpture, on the walls of Cathedrals and Abbeys. In Gothic art the images of the Virgin Mary changed from the Iconic Byzantine form to a more human and affectionate mother, cuddling her infant and showing the refined manners of a well-born aristocratic lady.

A Tour of the Cloisters

The MET Cloisters

  • Museum:      The MET Cloisters
  • Established:  1938
  • Type:             Medieval Art Museum, Romanesque Architecture, Gothic architecture
  • Location:       99 Margaret Corbin Drive, Fort Tryon Park, Manhattan, New York City
  • Subway:        “A” train 190th Street, “1” train 191st Street
  • Bus:              Bx7, M3, M4, M100

Explore the Metropolitan Museum of Art

MET European Paintings Collection

MET Modern and Contemporary Art Collection

MET Greek and Roman Art Collection

MET Egyptian Art Collection

MET Asian Art Collection

MET Ancient Near Eastern Art Collection

MET American Wing Collection

MET Islamic Art Collection

MET Arts of Africa, Oceania and the Americas Collection

MET European Sculpture and Decorative Arts Collection

MET Medieval Art Collection

MET Drawings and Prints Collection

MET Costume Institute Collection

MET Arms and Armor Collection

MET Photograph Collection

MET Musical Instrument Collection

Explore the MET

~~~

“Let us be grateful to people who make us happy, they are the charming gardeners who make our souls blossom.”
– Marcel Proust

~~~


Photo Credit: 1) JOM

Advertisements