This British Newspaper bears a Tax Stamp used in the British Isles. The 1765 Stamp Act required documents to be printed on taxed paper. An elaborate emblem that included royal symbols was required on to be printed or attached to documents and papers. The paper was stamped in Britain, sent to the colonies and sold by government appointed officials. The emblem proved that tax had been paid. The American Colonists argued that only their local colonial assemblies could enact such a tax. The Stamp Act was one of the catalysts for the American Revolution.
The British Parliament passed the Stamp Act in March in 1765 which imposed direct taxes on the colonies for the first time. All official documents, newspapers, almanacs, pamphlets and decks of playing cards were required to have the stamps.
The colonists objected because they had no representation in the Parliament. In 1765, the Sons of Liberty formed and used public demonstrations, boycott and violence to ensure that the British tax laws were unenforceable. In Boston, the Sons of Liberty burned the records of the vice admiralty court and looted the home of chief justice. Several colonial legislatures called for united action and nine colonies sent delegates to the Stamp Act Congress in New York City in October 1765. A “Declaration of Rights and Grievances” stating that taxes passed without representation violated their rights as Englishmen.
Colonists went further and started boycotting imports of British merchandise. Massachusetts was declared in a state of rebellion in 1775 and the British garrison was ordered to disarm the rebels and arrest their leaders. These orders lead to the Battles of Lexington and Concord which marked the start of the military campaign of the American Revolution.
Other Historical Items from the American Revolution include:
- George Washington’s War Tent
- Inn Sign from the “General Wolfe” Tavern
- British Newspaper with a Tax Stamp
- “The March to Valley Forge” by William Brooke Thomas Trego
- Name: British Newspaper with a Tax Stamp
- Original Location: American Colonies
- Made: 1766
- Material: Paper and Ink
- Museum: Museum of the American Revolution
“Be courteous to all, but intimate with few, and let those few be well tried before you give them your confidence.”
Photo Credit: 1) By GordonMakryllos (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], via Wikimedia Commons