“The Thinker” by Auguste Rodin was originally conceived for his monumental bronze portal entitled “The Gates of Hell” (1880-1917). The figure was intended to represent Italian poet Dante pondering “The Divine Comedy”, his epic classic of Paradise and Inferno. Initially, this masterpiece had several other names including “The Poet.”
In 1889, Rodin exhibited this sculpture independently of The Gates, giving it the title “The Thinker” and in 1902 he embarked on this larger version. Consequently, it has since become one of his most recognised masterpieces and is usually placed on a stone pedestal; the nude male figure is sitting on a rock with his chin resting on one hand, deep in thought. The image is often used as an image to represent philosophy.
There are many sculptures of the “The Thinker” in museums around the world., examples include:
- “The Thinker” at the Legion of Honor, San Francisco
- “The Thinker” at the Rodin Museum, Philadelphia
- “The Thinker” at the Cleveland Museum of Art
- “The Thinker” at the Rodin Museum, Philadelphia (Full Size)
Importantly, there are about twenty-eight of the large or full-size castings, in which the figure is about 186 centimetres (73 in) high, though not all were made during Rodin’s lifetime or under his supervision. Also there are various other versions, several in plaster, studies, and posthumous castings, in a range of sizes. The Rodin Museum in Philadelphia, USA, has a medium sized version.
As initially conceived for “The Gates of Hell”, “The Thinker” dominates the centre of the lintel and presides over the figures of the damned, depicted on the doors below the lintel. Behind him the chaotic dance of death takes place. He sits apart with no symbol of his identification. Is he the poet, the creator, the judge, the sculptor?
Most of the figures in the work represent the characters in the epic poem, The Divine Comedy by Dante. “The Thinker” at the centre of the doorway, is larger than most of the other figures which are mainly nude, especially “The Thinker” as Rodin wanted the figure in the tradition of Michelangelo, to represent intellect as well as poetry.
The version at The Legion of Honor was cast by Alexis Rudier, purchased in 1915, donated to San Francisco in 1922.
- Title: The Thinker – French: Le Penseur
- Year: Modelled in clay 1880 – 81; cast in bronze 1904
- Place of Origin: France
- Material: Bronze Casting
- Museum: The Legion of Honor
Artist Essential Facts:
- Name: François-Auguste-René Rodin
- Born: 1840 – Paris, France
- Died: 1917 (aged 77) – Meudon, France
- Nationality: French
- Notable work
“I invent nothing, I rediscover.” Auguste Rodin
Photo Credit: By GordonMakryllos (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], via Wikimedia Commons