Ginevra de’ Benci by Leonardo da Vinci
Ginevra de’ Benci by Leonardo da Vinci depicts a well-known young Florentine aristocrat. Leonardo painted the portrait in Florence in 1474 to commemorate Ginevra’s marriage at the age of 16. The juniper bush that fills much of the background was regarded as a symbol of female virtue, in Renaissance Italy, while the Italian word for juniper, echo’s Ginevra’s name. Ginevra is shown beautiful but reserved with no hint of a smile. Her gaze, although forward, seems indifferent to the viewer.
The reverse of the panel is decorated with a juniper sprig encircled by a wreath of laurel and palm and is memorialised by the phrase “beauty adorns virtue”. This motto symbolises Ginevra’s intellectual and moral virtue aligned with her physical beauty. The juniper, encircled by laurel and palm, suggests her name. The laurel and palm are in the personal emblem of, a Venetian ambassador to Florence, whose platonic relationship with Ginevra is revealed in poems exchanged between them. An infrared examination has revealed the ambassador’s motto “Virtue and Honor” beneath Ginevra’s motto, making it most probable that the ambassador was somehow involved in the commission of this portrait.
In addition to the Venetian ambassador to Florence, as a woman of renowned beauty, Ginevra de’ Benci was also the subject of poems written by other prominent members of Florence, including the Medici family and Lorenzo de’ Medici.
Platonic love is a type of love or a close relationship that is non-sexual. It is named after the Greek philosopher Plato, though the philosopher never used the term himself. In the Middle Ages, there was a renewed interest in Plato, and although Plato’s discussions of love initially centred on relationships which were sexual between members of the same-sex, the meaning of platonic love transformed during the Renaissance, leading to the contemporary sense of nonsexual heterosexual love.
The English term is derived from the concept in Plato’s Symposium of the love of the idea of good which lies at the root of virtue and truth. For a brief period, Platonic love was a fashionable subject in some royal courts of Europe and platonic love was the theme of some of the courtly masques, though the fashion soon came under pressures of social and political change.
Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci was an Italian painter, draftsman, sculptor, architect, scientist and an engineer who was already famous in his lifetime and is today considered a genius. Leonardo’s masterpiece had considerable influence during his lifetime and continued to influence and attract lovers of history and art in our life.
Did you know?
- This painting by Leonardo da Vinci is the only one in a public museum in the Americas.
- A sizable strip was removed at some stage in the past, from the bottom of this painting, presumably due to damage, and Ginevra’s arms and hands were lost.
- How did the Florentines of the Renaissance understand platonic love?
- How did Leonardo da Vinci understand platonic love?
- How do you understand platonic love?
Exploring Leonardo da Vinci
- Mona Lisa
- The Last Supper
- Ginevra de’ Benci
- The Virgin and Child with St. Anne
- Virgin of the Rocks(The National Gallery, London)
- Virgin of the Rocks (Louvre, Paris)
Ginevra de’ Benci
- Title: Ginevra de’ Benci
- Artist: Leonardo da Vinci
- Created: c. 1474–8
- Periods: High Renaissance
- Media: Oil paint on panel
- Dimensions: 38.1 cm × 37 cm (15.0 in × 15 in)
- Museum: National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
Leonardo da Vinci
- Name: Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci
- Born: 1452 – Vinci, Republic of Florence (present-day Italy)
- Died: 1519 (aged 67) – Amboise, Kingdom of France
- Movement: High Renaissance
Explore the National Gallery of Art
- “Ginevra de’ Benci” by Leonardo da Vinci
- “A Young Girl Reading” by Jean-Honoré Fragonard
- “Small Cowper Madonna” by Raphael
- “The Alba Madonna” by Raphael
- “Nude on a Divan” by Amedeo Modigliani
- “Nude on a Blue Cushion” by Amedeo Modigliani
- “Saint Jerome” by El Greco
- “The Houses of Parliament, Sunset” by Claude Monet (National Gallery of Art, DC)
- “Breezing Up (A Fair Wind)” by Winslow Homer
- “Madame Moitessier” by Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
- Masterpieces of the National Gallery of Art
- National Gallery of Art
“Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication.”
– Leonardo da Vinci
Photo Credit 1) Leonardo da Vinci [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons