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“The Repentant Saint Peter” and “The Tears of Saint Peter” by El Greco

"The Repentant Saint Peter" by El Greco

“The Repentant Saint Peter” by El Greco

“The Repentant Saint Peter” by El Greco shows the saint in tearful repentance with the “Keys of Heaven” tied around his waist. El Greco painted at least six different autograph variants throughout his career in Spain.

In this painting, St Peter raises his tear-filled eyes to Heaven. His hands joined in prayer. The background scene on the left represents the Magdalen returning from the empty tomb after receiving the announcement of Christ’s resurrection from an angel.

Theologians of the Counter-Reformation used the tears of Saint Peter to draw a parallel between the saint’s weakness and mortal man.

The tearful image was used to elicit an emotional response from the believer for the church. El Greco made this subject, which was new in the Counter-Reformation period, one of his specialties.

This image of St Peter by El Greco is always shown with white hair and beard, and he often wears his yellow cloak over a blue tunic.

Saint Peter (30 AD to 64-68 AD), also known as Simon Peter, was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, is traditionally regarded as the first Bishop of Rome‍.

He is venerated as a major saint and as the founder of the Roman Church. In the Gospel of Matthew 16:19, Jesus says to Peter:

“I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on Earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on Earth shall be loosed in heaven.”

The “keys of heaven” or the “keys of Saint Peter” are seen as a papal authority symbol. The crossed keys in the Holy See’s coat of arms symbolize the keys of HeavenHeaven entrusted to Simon Peter.

Saint Peter is often depicted in Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox paintings and other artwork as holding a key or a set of keys.

St Peter’s Basilica’s general layout is also roughly key-shaped, evocative of the keys entrusted to Saint Peter. Since the 16th century, a symbolical pair of keys is created for every pope and buried on death with him.

The Repentant Saint Peter (Phillips Collection)

  • Title:                        The Repentant Saint Peter
  • Artist:                      El Greco
  • Year:                        1605
  • Medium:                 Oil on panel
  • Dimensions:            Height: 36.88 mm (1.45 in). Width: 29.63 mm (1.17 in).
  • Museum:                 The Phillips Collection

“The Tears of Saint Peter” by El Greco (Museo Soumaya)

The Tears of Saint Peter by El Greco - Museo Soumaya

“The Tears of Saint Peter” by El Greco

El Greco

Doménikos Theotokópoulos, widely known as El Greco, Spanish for “The Greek,” was a painter, sculptor, and architect of the Spanish Renaissance.

The artist frequently signed his paintings with his full birth name in Greek letters, Δομήνικος Θεοτοκόπουλος (Doménikos Theotokópoulos), often adding the word Κρής (Krēs, “Cretan”). 

He is best known for elongated figures and for marrying Byzantine traditions with those of Western painting.

El Greco was born in Crete, which was part of the Republic of Venice and the center of Post-Byzantine art.

He trained and became a master of Byzantine art before traveling to Venice to work; then he moved to Rome, where he opened a workshop and executed a series of works.

In 1577, he moved to Toledo, Spain, where he lived and worked until his death. In Toledo, El Greco received several major commissions and produced his best-known paintings.

El Greco’s style was met with puzzlement by his 14th-century contemporaries, but he found greater appreciation in more modern times and is regarded as a precursor of both Expressionism and Cubism.

His works were a source of inspiration for poets and writers, and he is considered an artist, so individual that he belongs to no conventional school.

El Greco’s Tears of St. Peter — A Saintly Portrait of Anguish and Atonement

The Tears of Saint Peter (Museo Soumaya)

  • Title:                        The Tears of Saint Peter
  • Artist:                      El Greco
  • Year:                        1596
  • Medium:                  Oil on panel
  • Dimensions:            96.5 × 79 cm (38 × 31.1 in)
  • Museum:                 Museo Soumaya

El Greco

Saint Peter by El Greco

A Tour of the Museo Soumaya

A Tour of The Phillips Collection

Domenikos Theotokopoulos El Greco, The Tears of St Peter


“I suffer for my art and despise the witless moneyed scoundrels who praise it.”
– El Greco


Photo Credit: El Greco [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

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