Italy is located in the heart of the Mediterranean Sea. It shares land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, San Marino and Vatican City. Since classical times, ancient Phoenicians, Carthaginians and Greeks established settlements in the south of Italy, with Etruscans and Celts inhabiting the centre and the north of Italy respectively and various ancient Italian tribes and Italic peoples dispersed throughout the Italian Peninsula and insular Italy. The Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom, which eventually became a republic that conquered and assimilated other nearby civilisations.
Ultimately the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant power in the Mediterranean basin, conquering much of the ancient world and becoming the leading cultural, political and religious centre of Western civilisation. The legacy of the Roman Empire is widespread and can be observed in the global distribution of civilian law, republican governments, Christianity and the Latin script.
Italian culture has had a significant influence on many other cultures, and there are many famous museums in Italy. Featured in “Joy of Museums are the following:
- Country: Italian Republic or Italy
- Italian: Repubblica italiana or Italia
- Capital: Rome
- Official languages: Italian
- Population 60.6 million
“To every bird its nest is beautiful.” Italian Proverb
Photo Credit: By Norbert Nagel (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons