London is the capital and largest city of England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the south east of the island of Great Britain, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. It was founded by the Romans, who named it Londinium. London’s ancient core, the City of London, largely retains its 1.12-square-mile (2.9 km2) medieval boundaries.
London contains four World Heritage Sites: the Tower of London; Kew Gardens; the site comprising the Palace of Westminster, Westminster Abbey, and St Margaret’s Church; and the historic settlement of Greenwich in which the Royal Observatory, Greenwich marks the Prime Meridian, 0° longitude, and GMT.
London is home to numerous museums, galleries, libraries and other cultural institutions, including the British Museum, National Gallery, Natural History Museum, Tate Modern and British Library.
London has some of the greatest museums of the world. Featured in “Joy of Museums” are the following:
- The British Museum
- The National Gallery, London
- Tate Britain
- The Wallace Collection
- The Victoria and Albert Museum
- Queen’s Gallery, Buckingham Palace
- Courtauld Gallery
- City: London
- Sovereign State: United Kingdom
- Country: England
- Settled: By Romans c.43 AD (as Londinium)
- Population: 14 Million metro area
“We know what we are, but know not what we may be.” William Shakespeare
Photo Credit: By Diliff (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], via Wikimedia Commons